|Salt-Restriction-Spoon Improved the Salt Intake among Residents in China|
|Chen, Juan1; Tian, Ye; Liao, Yixing1; Yang, Shuaishuai1; Li, Zhuoting3; He, Chao4; Tu, Dahong5; Sun, Xinying1|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|研究领域[WOS]||Science & Technology - Other Topics|
|关键词[WOS]||MAJOR CAUSES ; LIFE EXPECTANCY ; BLOOD-PRESSURE ; DEATH ; HEALTH ; WOMEN ; MEN ; DISEASE ; SODIUM ; ADULTS|
Objective: To evaluate the effect of an improved salt-restriction spoon on the attitude of salt-restriction, the using rate of salt-restriction-spoon, the actual salt intake, and 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (24HUNa).
Design: A community intervention study.
Setting: Two villages in Beijing.
Participants: 403 local adult residents being responsible for home cooking.
Intervention: Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention group or the control group. Those in the intervention group were provided with an improved salt-restriction-spoon and health education, and were informed of their actual salt intake and 24HUNa. Not any intervention was given to those in the control group.
Main Outcome Measures: The scores on the variables of Health Belief Model, the using rate of salt-restriction-spoon, the actual salt intake, and 24HUNa.
Analysis: Covariance analyses, Chi-square tests, Student′s t tests, and repeated measures analyses of variance.
Results: After 6 months of intervention, the intervention group felt significantly less objective barriers, and got access to significantly more cues to action as compared to the control group. The using rate and the correctly using rate of salt-restriction-spoon were significantly higher in the intervention group. The daily salt intake decreased by 1.42 g in the intervention group and by 0.28 g in the control group, and repeated measures analysis of variance showed significant change over time (F = 7.044, P<0.001) and significant difference between groups by time (F = 2.589, P = 0.041). The 24HUNa decreased by 34.84 mmol in the intervention group and by 33.65 mmol in the control group, and repeated measures analysis of variance showed significant change over time (F = 14.648, P<0.001) without significant difference between groups by time (F = 0.222, P = 0.870).
Conclusions: The intervention effect was acceptable, therefore, the improved salt-restriction-spoon and corresponding health education could be considered as an alternative for salt reduction strategy in China and other countries where salt intake comes mainly from home cooking.
|作者单位||1.Beijing Shijitan Hosp, Community Med Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Social Med & Hlth Educ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, China Ctr Hlth Dev Studies, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Union Med Coll Hosp, VIP Med Serv Dept, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Shun Yi Ctr Dis Prevent & Control, Dept Hlth Educ, Beijing, Peoples R China
|Chen, Juan,Tian, Ye,Liao, Yixing,et al. Salt-Restriction-Spoon Improved the Salt Intake among Residents in China[J]. PLOS ONE,2013,8(11).|
|APA||Chen, Juan.,Tian, Ye.,Liao, Yixing.,Yang, Shuaishuai.,Li, Zhuoting.,...&Sun, Xinying.(2013).Salt-Restriction-Spoon Improved the Salt Intake among Residents in China.PLOS ONE,8(11).|
|MLA||Chen, Juan,et al."Salt-Restriction-Spoon Improved the Salt Intake among Residents in China".PLOS ONE 8.11(2013).|