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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Health benefit evaluation of the energy use scenarios in Beijing, China
作者: Pan, Xiaochuan; Yue, Wei; He, Kebin; Tong, Shilu
关键词: air pollution reduction ; cardiorespiratory diseases ; energy use scenario ; health benefit analysis ; particulate matter with diameter less than 10 mu m (PM10) ; sulphur dioxide (SO2)
刊名: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
发表日期: 2007-03-15
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.01.005
卷: 374, 期:2-3, 页:242-251
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]: PARTICULATE AIR-POLLUTION ; DAILY MORTALITY ; HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS ; TIME-SERIES ; CITIES ; ASSOCIATION ; SHANGHAI ; OUTPATIENT ; MORBIDITY ; VISITS
英文摘要:

Air pollution is one of the important causal factors for excess cardiorespiratory deaths and diseases. However, little information is available on health gains from clean energy usage in developing countries. In this study the expected population exposed to air pollutants was estimated under the different energy use scenarios by the year 2010, 2020 and 2030, respectively, in the urban area of Beijing, China. The concentration-response functions between air pollutants and the health endpoints were established using meta-analysis and regression models. The decreased cardiorespiratory deaths and diseases of the exposed population were predicted as the health benefits from air pollution reduction. We used daily measurements of particulate matter less than 10 gm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10) and sulphate dioxide (SO2) as air pollution indicators. The percentage of population exposed to higher level of PM10 will be decreased significantly under the clean energy use scenario than that under the Baseline Scenario (i.e., business-as-usual scenario). Compared with the Baseline Scenario there will be, by 2010, 2020, and 2030, respectively, a decrease of 29-152, 30-212 and 39-287 acute excess deaths; and 340-1811, 356-2529 and 462-3424 chronic excess deaths associated with the reduction of PM10 level; also a decrease of 237-331, 285-371 and 400-554 short-term excess deaths associated with the decrease of SO2 level. Meanwhile, the number of respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions, outpatient visits to internal and paediatrics departments, total emergency room visits and asthma attacks will be remarkably reduced with the reduction of air pollution. Energy structure improvement could reduce ambient air pollution and produce substantial health benefits to the population in Beijing. These findings may have significant implications for other metropolitan cities, particularly in developing countries. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000245364500006
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/60510
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Queensland Univ Technol, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
3.Tsing Hua Univ, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Beijing 100086, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Pan, Xiaochuan,Yue, Wei,He, Kebin,et al. Health benefit evaluation of the energy use scenarios in Beijing, China[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2007,374(2-3):242-251.
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