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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
National occupational health service policies and programs for workers in small scale industries in China
作者: Zhi, S; Sheng, W; Levine, SP
关键词: China ; exposure evaluation ; industrial hygiene ; policies and programs ; small-scale industries ; township enterprises
刊名: AIHAJ
发表日期: 2000-11-01
卷: 61, 期:6, 页:842-849
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
英文摘要:

Over the 14 years since economic reform began, and the restructuring of the economy to encourage international trade, a large number of township enterprises have been developed and put into operation in the Peoples Republic of China. From 1978 to 1991, the number of enterprises has increased 11.5 times; the number of employees has increased 2.4 times; the fixed assets have increased 13.7 times; and the value of the total output has increased 22.5 times. In this article, a report is given on a sample survey in 30 counties in 1990, which showed that 82.69% of rural industrial enterprises had at least one type of occupational hazard in their work environments. Workers engaged in at least one type of hazardous working environment accounted for 33.91% of the blue-collar workers. Physical examinations were performed for seven types of occupational diseases: silicosis, coal worker′s pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, chronic lead poisoning, benzene analogs poisoning, chronic chromium poisoning, and noise-induced hearing loss. The total detectable rate of the seven types of occupational diseases was 4.4% among those workers. In addition, 11% had illnesses suspected of being (though not proven to be) caused by occupational exposures. Most township enterprises do not provide basic occupational health services. The coverage of five routine occupational health service activities provided for township enterprises were very limited, from 1.4 to 36%.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000166286000010
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/61116
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Univ Michigan, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, Sch Publ Hlth, WHO Collaborating Ctr Occupat Hlth, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
2.Michigan State Univ, Inst Int Hlth, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
3.Beijing Med Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat Hlth, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
4.Minist Hlth, Dept Hlth Legislat & Inspect, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Zhi, S,Sheng, W,Levine, SP. National occupational health service policies and programs for workers in small scale industries in China[J]. AIHAJ,2000,61(6):842-849.
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