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学科主题: 精神卫生
题名:
Exploring the emergence of alcohol use disorder symptoms in the two years after onset of drinking: findings from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health
作者: McBride, Orla1,2; Cheng, Hui G.3,4
关键词: Alcohol use disorders ; drinking onset ; epidemiology ; latent variable modeling
刊名: ADDICTION
发表日期: 2011-03-01
DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03242.x
卷: 106, 期:3, 页:555-563
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Substance Abuse ; Psychiatry
研究领域[WOS]: Substance Abuse ; Psychiatry
关键词[WOS]: ITEM RESPONSE THEORY ; EPIDEMIOLOGIC SURVEY ; NATURAL-HISTORY ; GLOBAL BURDEN ; DEPENDENCE ; COCAINE ; ABUSE ; RISK ; AGE ; HALLUCINOGENS
英文摘要:

Aims

This study investigates the occurrence of clinical features of alcohol dependence and socially maladaptive drinking during the first 24 months after the onset of alcohol use.

Design

Data for this study are from the nationally representative 2004-07 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH).

Setting

General population of the United States, aged 12 years and older.

Participants

New-onset alcohol users (NOAUs) were drinkers who started to drink alcohol within 24 months of the NSDUH assessment and consumed alcohol during the last 12 months.

Measurements

The NSDUH assessed for clinical features of alcohol dependence and socially maladaptive drinking, consistent with the DSM-IV.

Findings

NOAUs frequently experienced problems relating to self-reported tolerance, spending a great deal of time recovering from the effects of alcohol and unsuccessful attempts at cutting down on drinking. The likelihood of experiencing the clinical features increased steadily in the first 9 months after use, but appeared to plateau or only gradually increase thereafter. Strong evidence emerged that the clinical features measured a single latent dimensional of ′alcohol use disorder′ (AUD) in this sample. The majority of the clinical features were good indicators of the underlying AUD continuum in the 2 years after first drinking onset.

Conclusions

There may be a period of time during the second year of alcohol use, when level of alcohol use disorder fluctuates rather than increases. Public health and safety efforts designed to target problematic alcohol use in the earliest stages of alcohol involvement could be useful in preventing the escalation of alcohol problems in this group of drinkers.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: K05DA015799 ; R01DA016558 ; 08/09-03/10 ; 01/07-12/09 ; T32DA02129
项目资助者: NIH/NIDA ; MSU OVPRGS ; NIDA
WOS记录号: WOS:000287032500017
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/61691
Appears in Collections:北京大学精神卫生研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Univ Ulster, Sch Psychol, Londonderry BT48 7JL, Londonderry, North Ireland
3.Royal Coll Surgeons Ireland, Dept Psychol, Div Populat Hlth Sci, Dublin 2, Ireland
4.Michigan State Univ, Dept Epidemiol, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA

Recommended Citation:
McBride, Orla,Cheng, Hui G.. Exploring the emergence of alcohol use disorder symptoms in the two years after onset of drinking: findings from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health[J]. ADDICTION,2011,106(3):555-563.
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