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学科主题: 临床医学
题名:
Population pharmacokinetics of rocuronium delivered by target-controlled infusion in adult patients
作者: Yang Lu1; Wang Hui-ling1; Zhang Li-ping1; Bi Shan-shan2; Lu Wei2; Yang Ba-xian3; Guo Xiang-yang1
关键词: anesthesia ; rocuronium ; pharmacokinetics ; mass spectrometry
刊名: CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL
发表日期: 2010-09-20
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.2010.18.009
卷: 123, 期:18, 页:2543-2547
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Medicine, General & Internal
研究领域[WOS]: General & Internal Medicine
关键词[WOS]: SURGICAL-PATIENTS ; PHARMACODYNAMICS ; ORG-9426 ; BROMIDE
英文摘要:

Background Target-controlled infusion (TCI) has been recently developed and successfully implemented in clinical practice. The current study was to estimate the population pharmacokinetics of rocuronium TCI in adult patients using nonlinear mixed-effects model (NONMEM), and to investigate the influence of relevant factors in adult patients.

Methods Fourteen ASA I-II patients undergoing elective laparoscopy operation with general anesthesia were included. After induction, all patients received rocuronium by TCI system. The beginning target plasma concentration (Cpt) was 2.0 mu g/ml, then increased Cpt according to the neuromuscular transmission monitoring. The endpoint of Cpt was determined when the T(1) scale was blocked by 90%-95%. TCI rocuronium was stopped 30 minutes before the end of the operation. Arterial blood was drawn before anesthesia at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, 60, 120, 180, 240 and 360 minutes after the infusion of rocuronium was stopped for the analysis of plasma concentrations of rocuronium by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The population pharmacokinetics analysis was performed using NONMEM program.

Results The pharmacokinetics of TCI rocuronium in adult patients was best described by a three-comparment model. Pharmacokintic parameters were clearance (CL)(1)=0.205 L/min, CL(2)=0.324 L/min, CL(3)=0.0292 L/min, volumes of distribution (V)(1)=4.00 L, V(2)=2.28 L, V(3)=4.26 L, Vdss=10.54 L. Both age and weight as covariates affected the pharmacokinetic parameters. V(1) and CL(1) were negatively correlated with patient age. CL(1) was positively correlated with weight.

Conclusions No pharmacokinetic change was noted when rocuronium was administered via TCI. Both age and weight as covariates affected the pharmacokinetic parameters. Chin Med J 2010;123(18):2543-2547

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000282806200009
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/61736
Appears in Collections:北京大学第三临床医学院_麻醉科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Dept Anesthesiol, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Peoples Hosp, Dept Anesthesiol, Beijing 100034, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Yang Lu,Wang Hui-ling,Zhang Li-ping,et al. Population pharmacokinetics of rocuronium delivered by target-controlled infusion in adult patients[J]. CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,2010,123(18):2543-2547.
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