|Can electronic sphygmomanometers be used for measurement of blood pressure at high altitudes?|
|Li, Shenshen1; Zhao, Xingshan2; Ba, Sang5; He, Feng2; Lam, Christopher T.6; Ke, Liang1; Li, Nicole1; Yan, Lijing L.1,7; Li, Xian1; Wu, Yangfeng1,3,4|
|关键词||aged altitude blood measure monitors blood pressure determination hypertension sphygmomanometers Tibet|
|刊名||BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Peripheral Vascular Disease|
|研究领域[WOS]||Cardiovascular System & Cardiology|
|关键词[WOS]||HYPERTENSION-SOCIETY PROTOCOL ; MERCURY SPHYGMOMANOMETER ; ANEROID SPHYGMOMANOMETERS ; INTERNATIONAL-PROTOCOL ; MEASURING DEVICES ; OF-HYPERTENSION ; VALIDATION ; MONITOR ; ADULTS|
Objective Validated automated oscillometric sphygmomanometers have been recommended by clinical guidelines to replace mercury sphygmomanometers. No studies have been conducted to evaluate whether these validated devices designed for use at normal altitude are also suitable at high altitudes.
Methods In Dangxiong County in Tibet, 4300m above sea level, two trained cardiologists used standardized protocols to measure the blood pressure (BP) of 129 adults aged between 19 and 69 years three times in a quiet room. The electronic sphygmomanometer was connected to the mercury sphygmomanometer by a ′Y,′ or a three-way air-control valve, and the electronic device providing the pressure. This allowed simultaneous and blinded BP measurements with both instruments.
Results The mean systolic BP measured by the electronic sphygmomanometer (124.67 +/- 20.39 mmHg) was significantly higher than the BP reported by the mercury device (118.91 +/- 20.56 mmHg; P < 0.001), whereas the diastolic BP measured by electronic (76.54 +/- 12.63 mmHg) and mercury (76.95 +/- 13.86 mmHg) sphygmomanometers showed no significant difference (P = 0.228). There was a strong linear relationship between readings from the two instruments, with correlation coefficients for systolic and diastolic BP of 0.97 and 0.96, respectively. Bland-Altman plots showed a general consistency between the two instruments for both systolic and diastolic BP. The systolic BP values, calibrated by subtracting the mean difference, were not inferior to those obtained from linear regression equations.
Conclusion This first explorative study conducted at a high altitude demonstrated that the electronic sphygmomanometer can provide an accurate direct measurement of diastolic BP; however, a simple calibration is required for systolic BP. Blood Press Monit 17:62-68 (C) 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
|项目编号||08-04-06 ; HHSN268200900027C|
|资助机构||Bureau of Science and Technology of Tibet Autonomous Region ; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ; UnitedHealth Group Chronic Disease Initiative|
|作者单位||1.George Inst Global Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China|
2.Beijing Jishuitan Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Clin Res Inst, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
5.Dangxiong Renmin Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Tibet, Peoples R China
6.Duke Univ, Duke Global Hlth Inst, Durham, NC USA
7.Northwestern Univ, Feinberg Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Chicago, IL 60611 USA
|Li, Shenshen,Zhao, Xingshan,Ba, Sang,et al. Can electronic sphygmomanometers be used for measurement of blood pressure at high altitudes?[J]. BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING,2012,17(2):62-68.|
|APA||Li, Shenshen.,Zhao, Xingshan.,Ba, Sang.,He, Feng.,Lam, Christopher T..,...&Wu, Yangfeng.(2012).Can electronic sphygmomanometers be used for measurement of blood pressure at high altitudes?.BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING,17(2),62-68.|
|MLA||Li, Shenshen,et al."Can electronic sphygmomanometers be used for measurement of blood pressure at high altitudes?".BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING 17.2(2012):62-68.|