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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
A community-based multilevel intervention for smoking, physical activity and diet: short-term findings from the Community Interventions for Health programme in Hangzhou, China
作者: Lv, Jun1; Liu, Qing-Min2; Ren, Yan-Jun2; He, Ping-Ping1; Wang, Sheng-Feng1; Gao, Fang1; Li, Li-Ming1; Community Interventions Hlth CIH
刊名: JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH
发表日期: 2014-04-01
DOI: 10.1136/jech-2013-203356
卷: 68, 期:4, 页:333-339
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]: REDUCE TOBACCO USE ; PROMOTION PROGRAMS ; POPULATION ; HOME ; COUNTRIES
英文摘要:

Background To assess the short-term impact of a comprehensive, community-based multilevel intervention on knowledge, beliefs and practices with respect to smoking, physical activity and diet in Hangzhou, China.

Methods A non-randomised, controlled, before-after quasi-experimental trial was conducted in two intervention areas and one comparison area. The intervention built on a socioecological framework and took place across four settings: neighbourhoods, schools, workplaces and community health centres. Two independent cross-sectional surveys of adults aged 18-64 years at baseline and a subsequent follow-up were conducted in 2008/2009 and 2011 in the intervention and comparison areas. A 2-year intervention programme was begun in mid-2009 and continued until mid-2011.

Results A total of 2016 adults at baseline and 2016 adults at follow-up completed the survey. Over the 2-year intervention period, the intervention areas showed a statistically significant decline (25.2% vs 18.7%, p<0.001) in the prevalence of smoking compared with the comparison area (18.0% vs 16.4%, p=0.343). The proportion of individuals who had noticed anyone smoking in any of nine locations in the previous 30 days demonstrated a statistically significant decline in the intervention (78.9% vs 66.5%, p<0.001) and comparison (76.3% vs 66.5%, p<0.001) areas. The fruit and vegetable consumption score increased in a statistically significant manner in the intervention (24.84 vs 25.97, p=0.036) and comparison (24.25 vs 26.67, p<0.001) areas. The metabolic equivalent of physical activity increased from 1204 to 1386 (p=0.023) in the intervention areas compared with 918 to 924 in the comparison area (p=0.201).

Conclusions After a 2-year intervention, beneficial changes were noted in the intervention areas with respect to smoking and physical activity but not diet. A community-based multilevel intervention programme is feasible in urban China.

语种: 英语
项目资助者: Oxford Health Alliance (OxHA)
WOS记录号: WOS:000339724000009
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/61957
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Hangzhou Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Div Chron & Noncommunicable Dis Control & Prevent, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Lv, Jun,Liu, Qing-Min,Ren, Yan-Jun,et al. A community-based multilevel intervention for smoking, physical activity and diet: short-term findings from the Community Interventions for Health programme in Hangzhou, China[J]. JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH,2014,68(4):333-339.
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