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Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults
Yu, Canqing1; Shi, Zumin2; Lv, Jun1; Du, Huaidong3,4; Qi, Lu5,6,7; Guo, Yu8; Bian, Zheng8; Chang, Liang9; Tang, Xuefeng10; Jiang, Qilian11; Mu, Huaiyi12; Pan, Dongxia13; Chen, Junshi14; Chen, Zhengming3,4; Li, Liming1,6,7
关键词dietary pattern general obesity central obesity body mass index waist circumference cross-sectional study
刊名NUTRIENTS
2015-07-01
DOI10.3390/nu7075253
7期:7页:5834-5849
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Nutrition & Dietetics
资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology ; Wellcome Trust in the UK ; Kadoorie Charitable Foundation in Hong Kong ; NIH from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases ; Boston Obesity Nutrition Research Center ; United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation ; American Heart Association ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology ; Wellcome Trust in the UK ; Kadoorie Charitable Foundation in Hong Kong ; NIH from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases ; Boston Obesity Nutrition Research Center ; United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation ; American Heart Association
研究领域[WOS]Nutrition & Dietetics
关键词[WOS]BODY-MASS INDEX ; 0.5 MILLION PEOPLE ; ABDOMINAL OBESITY ; WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE ; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY ; RISK-FACTORS ; ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION ; METABOLIC SYNDROME ; MEAT CONSUMPTION ; SECULAR TRENDS
英文摘要

Limited evidence exists for the association between diet pattern and obesity phenotypes among Chinese adults. In the present study, we analyzed the cross-sectional data from 474,192 adults aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank baseline survey. Food consumption was collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis combined with cluster analysis. After being adjusted for potential confounders, individuals following a traditional southern dietary pattern had the lowest body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC); the Western/new affluence dietary pattern had the highest BMI; and the traditional northern dietary pattern had the highest WC. Compared to the traditional southern dietary pattern in multivariable adjusted logistic models, individuals following a Western/new affluence dietary pattern had a significantly increased risk of general obesity (prevalence ratio (PR): 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.08) and central obesity (PR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.06-1.08). The corresponding risks for the traditional northern dietary pattern were 1.05 (1.02-1.09) and 1.17 (1.25-1.18), respectively. In addition, the associations were modified by lifestyle behaviors, and the combined effects with alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and physical activity were analyzed. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the diet-obesity relationships.

语种英语
所属项目编号81202266 ; 81390541 ; 81390544 ; 2011BAI09B01 ; 088158/Z/09/Z ; HL071981 ; HL034594 ; HL126024 ; DK091718 ; DK100383 ; DK078616 ; DK46200 ; 2011036 ; 0730094N
资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology ; Wellcome Trust in the UK ; Kadoorie Charitable Foundation in Hong Kong ; NIH from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases ; Boston Obesity Nutrition Research Center ; United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation ; American Heart Association ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology ; Wellcome Trust in the UK ; Kadoorie Charitable Foundation in Hong Kong ; NIH from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases ; Boston Obesity Nutrition Research Center ; United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation ; American Heart Association
WOS记录号WOS:000359349800045
Citation statistics
Cited Times:9[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/62156
Collection北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA
2.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
3.Univ Adelaide, Discipline Med, SAHMRI, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
4.Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Clin Trial Serv Unit, Oxford OX3 7LF, England
5.Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Epidemiol Studies Unit CTSU, Oxford OX3 7LF, England
6.Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Channing Div Network Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA
7.Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA
8.Chinese Acad Med Sci, Fuwai Hosp Xishan Branch Court, Beijing 102308, Peoples R China
9.Henan Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Zhengzhou 450016, Peoples R China
10.Sichuan Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
11.Liuzhou Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Liuzhou 545007, Peoples R China
12.Nangang Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Harbin 150040, Peoples R China
13.Tongxiang Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Wutong Town 314500, Tongxiang, Peoples R China
14.China Natl Ctr Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100738, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yu, Canqing,Shi, Zumin,Lv, Jun,et al. Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults[J]. NUTRIENTS,2015,7(7):5834-5849.
APA Yu, Canqing.,Shi, Zumin.,Lv, Jun.,Du, Huaidong.,Qi, Lu.,...&Li, Liming.(2015).Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults.NUTRIENTS,7(7),5834-5849.
MLA Yu, Canqing,et al."Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults".NUTRIENTS 7.7(2015):5834-5849.
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