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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults
作者: Yu, Canqing1; Shi, Zumin2; Lv, Jun1; Du, Huaidong3,4; Qi, Lu5,6,7; Guo, Yu8; Bian, Zheng8; Chang, Liang9; Tang, Xuefeng10; Jiang, Qilian11; Mu, Huaiyi12; Pan, Dongxia13; Chen, Junshi14; Chen, Zhengming3,4; Li, Liming1,6,7
关键词: dietary pattern ; general obesity ; central obesity ; body mass index ; waist circumference ; cross-sectional study
刊名: NUTRIENTS
发表日期: 2015-07-01
DOI: 10.3390/nu7075253
卷: 7, 期:7, 页:5834-5849
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Nutrition & Dietetics
研究领域[WOS]: Nutrition & Dietetics
关键词[WOS]: BODY-MASS INDEX ; 0.5 MILLION PEOPLE ; ABDOMINAL OBESITY ; WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE ; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY ; RISK-FACTORS ; ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION ; METABOLIC SYNDROME ; MEAT CONSUMPTION ; SECULAR TRENDS
英文摘要:

Limited evidence exists for the association between diet pattern and obesity phenotypes among Chinese adults. In the present study, we analyzed the cross-sectional data from 474,192 adults aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank baseline survey. Food consumption was collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis combined with cluster analysis. After being adjusted for potential confounders, individuals following a traditional southern dietary pattern had the lowest body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC); the Western/new affluence dietary pattern had the highest BMI; and the traditional northern dietary pattern had the highest WC. Compared to the traditional southern dietary pattern in multivariable adjusted logistic models, individuals following a Western/new affluence dietary pattern had a significantly increased risk of general obesity (prevalence ratio (PR): 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.08) and central obesity (PR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.06-1.08). The corresponding risks for the traditional northern dietary pattern were 1.05 (1.02-1.09) and 1.17 (1.25-1.18), respectively. In addition, the associations were modified by lifestyle behaviors, and the combined effects with alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and physical activity were analyzed. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the diet-obesity relationships.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: 81202266 ; 81390541 ; 81390544 ; 2011BAI09B01 ; 088158/Z/09/Z ; HL071981 ; HL034594 ; HL126024 ; DK091718 ; DK100383 ; DK078616 ; DK46200 ; 2011036 ; 0730094N
项目资助者: National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology ; Wellcome Trust in the UK ; Kadoorie Charitable Foundation in Hong Kong ; NIH from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases ; Boston Obesity Nutrition Research Center ; United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation ; American Heart Association
WOS记录号: WOS:000359349800045
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/62156
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA
2.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
3.Univ Adelaide, Discipline Med, SAHMRI, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
4.Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Clin Trial Serv Unit, Oxford OX3 7LF, England
5.Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Epidemiol Studies Unit CTSU, Oxford OX3 7LF, England
6.Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Channing Div Network Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA
7.Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA
8.Chinese Acad Med Sci, Fuwai Hosp Xishan Branch Court, Beijing 102308, Peoples R China
9.Henan Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Zhengzhou 450016, Peoples R China
10.Sichuan Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
11.Liuzhou Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Liuzhou 545007, Peoples R China
12.Nangang Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Harbin 150040, Peoples R China
13.Tongxiang Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Wutong Town 314500, Tongxiang, Peoples R China
14.China Natl Ctr Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100738, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Yu, Canqing,Shi, Zumin,Lv, Jun,et al. Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults[J]. NUTRIENTS,2015,7(7):5834-5849.
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