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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
An Objective Measure to Evaluate Actual Body Shape among Children and Adolescents in China
作者: Fu Lian Guo1; Wang Hai Jun1; Li Xiao Hui1; Wang Zhi Qiang2; Lau, Patrick W. C.3; Yang Yi De1; Meng Xiang Kun1; Ma Jun1
关键词: Objective measure ; Body shape ; Children and adolescents
刊名: BIOMEDICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
发表日期: 2014-08-01
DOI: 10.3967/bes2014.033
卷: 27, 期:8, 页:582-U93
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]: MASS INDEX ; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY ; SELF-ESTEEM ; DISSATISFACTION ; WEIGHT ; IMAGE ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; GIRLS ; HEIGHT ; GROWTH
英文摘要:

Objective The purpose of this study was to explore an objective measure to assess actual body shape of children and adolescents in China.

Methods Based on the Chinese National Survey on Student′s Constitution and Health (CNSSCH) in 2005, 210 927 children and adolescents′ (7-18 years) body height, body weight, chest circumference, sitting height, chest circumference-height ratio, chest circumference-sitting height ratio, chest circumference-low limb ratio, and sitting height-low limb ratio measurements were used to develop an objective measure by using transformation variables and explored factor analysis (EFA). Discrimination power of the objective measure was evaluated based on BMI reference and Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC).

Results The objective measure included four dimensions scores: transverse dimension (TD) indicating weight and chest circumference; length dimension (LD) indicating height and sitting height; transverse-length ratio dimension (TLD) indicating chest circumference-height ratio, chest circumference-sitting height and chest circumference-low limb ratio; proportion dimension (PD) indicating sitting height-low limb ratio. The whole dimension (WD) indicating the whole body shape was showed by the average of four dimensions scores. Four dimensions and WD scores were approximately 80 in children and adolescents with normal weight, and higher than those of overweight, obesity, and underweight (all P-values <0.001). Areas under ROC of overweight and obesity compared with normal weight ranged from 0.88 to 1.00 for scores of TD, TLD, and WD.

Conclusion The objective measure which included four dimensions was explored, and TD, TLD, and WD had significant discrimination power.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: 201202010
项目资助者: Research Special Fund for Public Welfare of Health
WOS记录号: WOS:000341821600002
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/62699
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Inst Child & Adolescent Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Univ Queensland, Sch Med, Ctr Chron Dis, St Lucia, Qld 4029, Australia
3.Hong Kong Baptist Univ, Dept Phys Educ, Hong Kong 999077, Hong Kong, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Fu Lian Guo,Wang Hai Jun,Li Xiao Hui,et al. An Objective Measure to Evaluate Actual Body Shape among Children and Adolescents in China[J]. BIOMEDICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES,2014,27(8):582-U93.
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