|Clinical Features and Outcomes of Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease in Older Patients|
|Cui, Zhao1; Zhao, Juan; Jia, Xiao-yu; Zhu, Sai-nan2; Zhao, Ming-hui|
|关键词||Anti-glomerular basement membrane disease crescentic glomerulonephritis Goodpasture disease old patient prognosis|
|刊名||AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Urology & Nephrology|
|研究领域[WOS]||Urology & Nephrology|
|关键词[WOS]||ANTI-GBM ANTIBODIES ; RAPIDLY PROGRESSIVE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS ; CHINESE PATIENTS ; MEDIATED GLOMERULONEPHRITIS ; GOODPASTURES-SYNDROME ; AUTOANTIBODIES ; SPECIFICITY ; ANCA ; PROGNOSIS ; SERA|
Background: Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease is being recognized increasingly in older patients. Disease presentation and outcomes of these patients are unclear.
Study Design: Case series.
Setting & Participants: 221 consecutive Chinese patients with anti-GBM disease diagnosed in 1998-2008 in our tertiary referral center. Anti-GBM disease was defined as positive anti-GBM antibodies in circulation and/or linear immunoglobulin G deposition along the GBM on kidney biopsy.
Predictor: Older age, defined as 65 years or older, and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, detected using immunofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, at presentation.
Outcomes: Clinical features, kidney pathologic characteristics, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and mortality. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the contribution of age, sex, clinical measures, and treatments to ESRD and mortality.
Results: 50 of 221 (22.6%) patients were 65 years or older. Older patients had a male predominance (male/female ratio, 1.9:1). They had a higher proportion of positive antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody results (46.0% vs 14.6%; P < 0.001), lower prevalence of hemoptysis (26.0% vs 46.2%; P = 0.01), lower urine protein excretion (1.4 +/- 1.0 vs 3.9 +/- 3.3 g/d; P = 0.001), and higher estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at presentation (8.4 vs 5.1 mL/min/1.73 m(2); P = 0.007) compared with younger patients. During follow-up, 30 of 37 (81.1%) and 21 of 37 (56.8%) patients developed ESRD and died in the older group compared with 115 of 139 (82.7%) and 35 of 139 (25.2%) in the younger group (P = 0.1 and P = 0.001, respectively). For older patients, multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that higher initial eGFR was an independent predictor for both ESRD (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.78-0.96; P = 0.005) and death (HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.66-0.94; P = 0.008).
Limitations: Not all patients underwent kidney biopsy, especially those with very old age or ESRD at presentation.
Conclusions: Older patients with anti-GBM disease had milder kidney damage and less pulmonary involvement. Outcomes were predicted by initial eGFR. Thus, early diagnosis was crucial to improve outcomes. Am J Kidney Dis. 57(4):575-582. (C) 2011 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.
|项目编号||30700752 ; 30725034 ; 7082094|
|资助机构||Natural Science Fund of China ; Natural Science Fund of Beijing|
|作者单位||1.Peking Univ, Key Lab Renal Dis, Minist Hlth China, Renal Div,Dept Med,Hosp 1,Inst Nephrol, Beijing 100034, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Dept Biostat, Hosp 1, Beijing 100034, Peoples R China
|Cui, Zhao,Zhao, Juan,Jia, Xiao-yu,et al. Clinical Features and Outcomes of Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease in Older Patients[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES,2011,57(4):575-582.|
|APA||Cui, Zhao,Zhao, Juan,Jia, Xiao-yu,Zhu, Sai-nan,&Zhao, Ming-hui.(2011).Clinical Features and Outcomes of Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease in Older Patients.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES,57(4),575-582.|
|MLA||Cui, Zhao,et al."Clinical Features and Outcomes of Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease in Older Patients".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES 57.4(2011):575-582.|