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学科主题临床医学
Assessment of nickel release from earrings randomly purchased in China and Thailand using the dimethylglyoxime test
Hamann, Carsten R.1; Hamann, Dathan J.1; Hamann, Quinlan J.1; Hamann, Curtis P.2; Boonchai, Waranya3; Li, Lin-Feng4; Thyssen, Jacob P.5
关键词dimethylglyoxime test earrings nickel allergy nickel release prevalence risk exposure XRF spectrometry
刊名CONTACT DERMATITIS
2010
62期:4页:232-240
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Allergy ; Dermatology
研究领域[WOS]Allergy ; Dermatology
关键词[WOS]ALLERGIC CONTACT-DERMATITIS ; EUROPEAN STANDARD SERIES ; SWEDISH MARKET ; PATCH-TEST ; HONG-KONG ; GENERAL-POPULATION ; UNITED-STATES ; ECZEMA ; SENSITIZATION ; PREVALENCE
英文摘要

Background: China and Thailand produce large amounts of jewellery that are sold domestically and abroad.

Objective: To identify nickel release and metal content in earrings purchased in China and Thailand.

Methods: A total of 557 earrings were randomly purchased from vendors in 11 markets located in Beijing, Chengdu, Bangkok, Patong Beach, and Hat Yai. Earrings were subjected to dimethylglyoxime (DMG) tests and 26 of the DMG negative earrings were further evaluated qualitatively for major and minor metal content using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.

Results: A total of 314 Chinese earrings (31.5%) and 243 Thai earrings (29.2%) were DMG test positive. Three (11.5%) of 29 DMG negative earrings contained nickel as a major component; 7 (26.9%) of 29 DMG negative earrings contained nickel as a minor component.

Discussion: Excessive nickel release was frequent. This may contribute to the high prevalence of nickel allergy in both countries. Increased public education together with the adoption of a regulatory intervention in Thailand may be warranted. In China, enforcement of the 2002 Chinese National Standard GB 11887 may assist in reducing sensitization. These initiatives may eventually result in decreased morbidity among the Chinese and Thai citizens, but can potentially benefit recipient countries of these important earring producing countries.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000276167600006
资助机构SmartPractice provided
引用统计
被引频次:26[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/63336
专题北京大学第三临床医学院_皮肤科
作者单位1.Calvin Coll, Grand Rapids, MI 49546 USA
2.SmartPractice, Phoenix, AZ 85008 USA
3.Mahidol Univ, Siriraj Hosp, Fac Med, Dept Dermatol, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
4.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Dept Dermatol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
5.Univ Copenhagen, Gentofte Hosp, Dept Dermatoallergol, DK-2900 Hellerup, Denmark
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Hamann, Carsten R.,Hamann, Dathan J.,Hamann, Quinlan J.,et al. Assessment of nickel release from earrings randomly purchased in China and Thailand using the dimethylglyoxime test[J]. CONTACT DERMATITIS,2010,62(4):232-240.
APA Hamann, Carsten R..,Hamann, Dathan J..,Hamann, Quinlan J..,Hamann, Curtis P..,Boonchai, Waranya.,...&Thyssen, Jacob P..(2010).Assessment of nickel release from earrings randomly purchased in China and Thailand using the dimethylglyoxime test.CONTACT DERMATITIS,62(4),232-240.
MLA Hamann, Carsten R.,et al."Assessment of nickel release from earrings randomly purchased in China and Thailand using the dimethylglyoxime test".CONTACT DERMATITIS 62.4(2010):232-240.
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