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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
BMI percentile curves for Chinese children aged 7-18 years, in comparison with the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention references
作者: Ma, Jun1; Wang, Zhiqiang2; Song, Yi1; Hu, Peijin1; Zhang, Bing1
关键词: Body mass index ; Chinese children ; Obesity ; Growth reference
刊名: PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION
发表日期: 2010-12-01
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980010000492
卷: 13, 期:12, 页:1990-1996
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Nutrition & Dietetics
研究领域[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Nutrition & Dietetics
关键词[WOS]: BODY-MASS INDEX ; CHILDHOOD OBESITY ; GROWTH REFERENCE ; PENALIZED LIKELIHOOD ; NUTRITION TRANSITION ; INTERNATIONAL SURVEY ; LMS METHOD ; OVERWEIGHT ; ADOLESCENTS ; PREVALENCE
英文摘要:

Objective: To establish BMI percentile curves that describe the contemporary BMI distribution among Chinese children, and to compare their BMI percentile curves with those in two recently developed international references: the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) growth references.

Design: A cross-sectional national survey.

Setting: Thirty provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China.

Subjects: Nationally representative sample of 232 140 school students aged 7-18 years.

Results: BMI percentile curves were established using the LMS method, and were compared with the percentiles of the WHO and the US CDC references. BMI distributions and growth patterns in Chinese children were dramatically different from those in the two international reference populations. Compared with the international reference populations, younger Chinese boys (7-12 years of age) had higher values of the percentiles above the median and lower values of the percentiles below the median, suggesting that they had larger proportions of extreme BMI values in both directions. Chinese girls and older Chinese boys (15-18 years of age) had substantially lower BMI percentiles than their counterparts in the reference populations, particularly those high percentiles among older age groups.

Conclusions: The present study described the unique patterns of BMI curves at the national level, and these curves are useful as a reference for comparing different regions and for monitoring changes over time in Chinese children. Higher proportions of children with extreme values in both directions indicate that China is currently facing both an increasing level of obesity and a high level of undernutrition, simultaneously.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: 511013
项目资助者: National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
WOS记录号: WOS:000284709000007
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/63625
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Inst Child & Adolescent Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Univ Queensland, Royal Brisbane & Womens Hosp, Sch Med, Ctr Chron Dis, Herston, Qld 4029, Australia

Recommended Citation:
Ma, Jun,Wang, Zhiqiang,Song, Yi,et al. BMI percentile curves for Chinese children aged 7-18 years, in comparison with the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention references[J]. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION,2010,13(12):1990-1996.
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