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BMI percentile curves for Chinese children aged 7-18 years, in comparison with the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention references
Ma, Jun1; Wang, Zhiqiang2; Song, Yi1; Hu, Peijin1; Zhang, Bing1
关键词Body mass index Chinese children Obesity Growth reference
刊名PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION
2010-12-01
DOI10.1017/S1368980010000492
13期:12页:1990-1996
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Nutrition & Dietetics
研究领域[WOS]Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Nutrition & Dietetics
关键词[WOS]BODY-MASS INDEX ; CHILDHOOD OBESITY ; GROWTH REFERENCE ; PENALIZED LIKELIHOOD ; NUTRITION TRANSITION ; INTERNATIONAL SURVEY ; LMS METHOD ; OVERWEIGHT ; ADOLESCENTS ; PREVALENCE
英文摘要

Objective: To establish BMI percentile curves that describe the contemporary BMI distribution among Chinese children, and to compare their BMI percentile curves with those in two recently developed international references: the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) growth references.

Design: A cross-sectional national survey.

Setting: Thirty provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China.

Subjects: Nationally representative sample of 232 140 school students aged 7-18 years.

Results: BMI percentile curves were established using the LMS method, and were compared with the percentiles of the WHO and the US CDC references. BMI distributions and growth patterns in Chinese children were dramatically different from those in the two international reference populations. Compared with the international reference populations, younger Chinese boys (7-12 years of age) had higher values of the percentiles above the median and lower values of the percentiles below the median, suggesting that they had larger proportions of extreme BMI values in both directions. Chinese girls and older Chinese boys (15-18 years of age) had substantially lower BMI percentiles than their counterparts in the reference populations, particularly those high percentiles among older age groups.

Conclusions: The present study described the unique patterns of BMI curves at the national level, and these curves are useful as a reference for comparing different regions and for monitoring changes over time in Chinese children. Higher proportions of children with extreme values in both directions indicate that China is currently facing both an increasing level of obesity and a high level of undernutrition, simultaneously.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000284709000007
项目编号511013
资助机构National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
引用统计
被引频次:21[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/63625
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
北京大学公共卫生学院_北京大学儿童青少年卫生研究所
北京大学公共卫生学院_公共卫生学院
北京大学医学图书馆_流通阅览部
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Inst Child & Adolescent Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Univ Queensland, Royal Brisbane & Womens Hosp, Sch Med, Ctr Chron Dis, Herston, Qld 4029, Australia
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Ma, Jun,Wang, Zhiqiang,Song, Yi,et al. BMI percentile curves for Chinese children aged 7-18 years, in comparison with the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention references[J]. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION,2010,13(12):1990-1996.
APA Ma, Jun,Wang, Zhiqiang,Song, Yi,Hu, Peijin,&Zhang, Bing.(2010).BMI percentile curves for Chinese children aged 7-18 years, in comparison with the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention references.PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION,13(12),1990-1996.
MLA Ma, Jun,et al."BMI percentile curves for Chinese children aged 7-18 years, in comparison with the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention references".PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION 13.12(2010):1990-1996.
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