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Trends in Blood Pressure and Body Mass Index Among Chinese Children and Adolescents From 2005 to 2010
Dong, Bin1; Wang, Hai-Jun1; Wang, Zhiqiang1,2; Liu, Jia-Shuai1; Ma, Jun1
关键词adolescents blood pressure BMI children hypertension trend
刊名AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION
2013-08-01
DOI10.1093/ajh/hpt050
26期:8页:997-1004
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Peripheral Vascular Disease
资助者Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Research Special Fund for Public Welfare Industry of Health ; National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia ; Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Research Special Fund for Public Welfare Industry of Health ; National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia
研究领域[WOS]Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
关键词[WOS]RAPIDLY DEVELOPING-COUNTRY ; SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN ; CHILDHOOD OBESITY ; SECULAR TRENDS ; HYPERTENSION ; OVERWEIGHT ; HEALTH ; PREVALENCE ; DETERMINANTS ; WEIGHT
英文摘要

BACKGROUND

The prevalence of obesity, based on body mass index (BMI), among Chinese children and adolescents has increased for decades, but the relationship between trends in blood pressure (BP) and increasing BMI has not been studied.

METHODS

BMI and BP measurements of 391,982 children aged 7-17 years were obtained from surveys in 2005 and 2010. The mean change and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of BP were calculated, and the association between BMI and BP was assessed by using analysis of covariance and direct adjustment with the BMI distribution of 2005 survey.

RESULTS

The mean systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) increased 1.5 mm Hg (95% CI = 1.4-1.7 mm Hg) and 1.1 mm Hg (95% CI = 1.1-1.2 mm Hg) for boys and 1.2 mm Hg (95% CI = 1.1-1.3 mm Hg) and 1.0 mm Hg (95% CI = 1.0-1.1 mm Hg) for girls from 2005 to 2010, respectively. After adjustment for BMI, SBP and DBP in 2010 were 0.8 mm Hg (95% CI = 0.8-0.9 mm Hg) and 0.8 mm Hg (95% CI = 0.7-0.8 mm Hg) higher than in 2005, respectively (all P < 0.01). With adjustment for difference in BMI distribution in 2005 and 2010, the mean increase of SBP decreased by 40.5% and that of DBP by 26.9%.

CONCLUSIONS

BP among Chinese children and adolescents was on the rise from 2005 to 2010, which was consistent with the hypothesis that the rise in BP was in part attributable to the rise in BMI.

语种英语
所属项目编号20120001110016 ; 81172683 ; 201202010 ; APP1045000
资助者Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Research Special Fund for Public Welfare Industry of Health ; National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia ; Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Research Special Fund for Public Welfare Industry of Health ; National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia
WOS记录号WOS:000321718300008
引用统计
被引频次:29[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/63878
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Inst Child & Adolescent Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Univ Queensland, Royal Brisbane & Womens Hosp, Sch Med, Ctr Chron Dis, Herston, Qld, Australia
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Dong, Bin,Wang, Hai-Jun,Wang, Zhiqiang,et al. Trends in Blood Pressure and Body Mass Index Among Chinese Children and Adolescents From 2005 to 2010[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION,2013,26(8):997-1004.
APA Dong, Bin,Wang, Hai-Jun,Wang, Zhiqiang,Liu, Jia-Shuai,&Ma, Jun.(2013).Trends in Blood Pressure and Body Mass Index Among Chinese Children and Adolescents From 2005 to 2010.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION,26(8),997-1004.
MLA Dong, Bin,et al."Trends in Blood Pressure and Body Mass Index Among Chinese Children and Adolescents From 2005 to 2010".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION 26.8(2013):997-1004.
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