|Relationship between antifungal resistance of fluconazole resistant Candida albicans and mutations in ERG11 gene|
|Feng Li-juan; Wan Zhe; Wang Xiao-hong; Li Ruo-yu; Liu Wei|
|关键词||fluconazole Candida albicans ERG11 gene drug resistance|
|刊名||CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Medicine, General & Internal|
|研究领域[WOS]||General & Internal Medicine|
|关键词[WOS]||AMINO-ACID SUBSTITUTION ; HIV-INFECTED PATIENTS ; HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS ; LANOSTEROL 14-ALPHA-DEMETHYLASE ; REDUCED AFFINITY ; AZOLE RESISTANCE ; DRUG-RESISTANCE ; MOLECULAR-MECHANISMS ; 3-DIMENSIONAL MODEL ; STRAINS|
Background The cytochrome P450 lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (Erg11p) encoded by ERG11 gene is the primary target for azole antifungals. Changes in azole affinity of this enzyme caused by amino acid substitutions have been reported as a mechanism of azole antifungal resistance. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between amino acid substitutions in Erg11p from fluconazole resistant Candida albicans (C. albicans) isolates and their c ross-resistance to azoles.
Methods Mutations in ERG11 gene were screened in 10 clinical isolates of fluconazole resistant C. albicans strains. DNA sequence of ERG11 was determined by PCR based DNA sequencing.
Results In the 10 isolates, 19 types of amino acid substitutions were found, of which 10 substitutions (F72S, F103L, F1451, F198L, G206D, G227D, N349S, F416S, F422L and T482A) have not been reported previously. Mutations in ERG11 gene were detected in 9 isolates of fluconazole resistant C. albicans, but were not detected in 1 isolate.
Conclusions Although no definite correlation was found between the type of amino acid substitutions in Erg11p and the phenotype of cross-resistance to azoles, the substitutions F72S, F1451 and G227D in our study may be highly associated with resistance to azoles because of their special location in Erg11p. Chin Med J 2010;123(5):544-548
|资助机构||Key Project of Chinese Ministry of Education|
|作者单位||Peking Univ, Hosp 1, Dept Dermatol, Res Ctr Med Mycol, Beijing 100034, Peoples R China|
|Feng Li-juan,Wan Zhe,Wang Xiao-hong,et al. Relationship between antifungal resistance of fluconazole resistant Candida albicans and mutations in ERG11 gene[J]. CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,2010,123(5):544-548.|
|APA||Feng Li-juan,Wan Zhe,Wang Xiao-hong,Li Ruo-yu,&Liu Wei.(2010).Relationship between antifungal resistance of fluconazole resistant Candida albicans and mutations in ERG11 gene.CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,123(5),544-548.|
|MLA||Feng Li-juan,et al."Relationship between antifungal resistance of fluconazole resistant Candida albicans and mutations in ERG11 gene".CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL 123.5(2010):544-548.|