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学科主题: 护理学
题名:
Role perceptions and reported actual role content of hospital nurses in Mainland China
作者: Lu, Hong2; While, Alison E.1; Barriball, K. Louise
关键词: China ; job satisfaction ; nursing workforce ; organisational behaviour ; role ; stress
刊名: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING
发表日期: 2008-04-01
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.01950.x
卷: 17, 期:8, 页:1011-1022
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Nursing
研究领域[WOS]: Nursing
关键词[WOS]: JOB-SATISFACTION ; NURSING-EDUCATION ; CARE ; WORK ; PERFORMANCE ; CONFLICT
英文摘要:

The study aimed to explore nurses′ views and experiences regarding their working roles in Mainland China.

Ministry of Health guidance relating to the hospital nurse′s role has been widely used in Mainland China since 1982 but it does not adequately cover the development of new roles arising from recent health care system reforms. This has led to increasing concerns about the potential of role conflict and role ambiguity for nurses especially where role expectations are not reflected in actual role content leading to job dissatisfaction and higher turnover.

A cross-sectional survey design using postal questionnaires comprising demographic questions and four scales measuring role perception and actual role content, job satisfaction, occupational stress, role conflict and role ambiguity was used. Five hundred and twelve hospital nurses in Beijing participated representing a response rate of 81%.

Most respondents reported that staff nurses should undertake most of the roles described in the domain of patients′ physical care, psychosocial and communication and professional aspects of patient care and patient care management and there was overall consensus regarding the roles of other health care personnel. Further, they reported that nurses always or sometimes carried out these roles. Different role perceptions were reported across educational groups. Additionally, nurses′ ratings of role perception and actual role content were related to their ratings of job satisfaction, occupational stress, role conflict and role ambiguity (p < 0.05).

There was relative consensus regarding role perceptions but the role boundary between nursing and non-nursing work lacked clarity. The importance of role expectations is highlighted regarding job satisfaction and other components of working lives.

Acknowledgement of a potential gap between expectations and actual role of nurses provides the basis for developing strategies to reduce resulting occupational stress, role conflict and role ambiguity and increase job satisfaction. Additionally the findings provide a basis for international comparison of actual nurse role content and the potential support needs of nurses from Mainland China who move to work in other health care systems.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000253759500004
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/64903
Appears in Collections:北京大学护理学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Kings Coll London, Florence Nightingale Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Community Nursing, London SE1 8WA, England
2.Peking Univ, Sch Nursing, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Lu, Hong,While, Alison E.,Barriball, K. Louise. Role perceptions and reported actual role content of hospital nurses in Mainland China[J]. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING,2008,17(8):1011-1022.
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