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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Audit of tobacco retail outlets in Hangzhou, China
作者: Gong, Ting1; Lv, Jun1; Liu, Qingmin2; Ren, Yanjun2; Li, Liming1; Kawachi, Ichiro3
刊名: TOBACCO CONTROL
发表日期: 2013-07-01
DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050038
卷: 22, 期:4, 页:245-249
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]: Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]: POINT-OF-SALE ; SMOKING ; DENSITY ; STUDENTS ; EXPOSURE ; SCHOOLS
英文摘要:

Objective To determine the prevalence of tobacco advertisements and warning messages at points of sale as well as to examine the density of tobacco retail outlets in neighbourhoods and around schools in Hangzhou, China.

Method Tobacco retail outlets (n=1639) in all food and tobacco specialty stores were observed objectively by trained students. Tobacco advertisements and warning messages were assessed with an audit, and stores′ addresses were recorded with Global Positioning System coordinates. The distances (1) between all pairs of tobacco retail outlets (2) between each tobacco retail outlet and 15 middle schools were calculated to assess the density of tobacco retail outlets in neighbourhoods and around schools.

Results Among the 1639 tobacco retail outlets, <1% had ′no sales to minors′ signs, 1.5% had tobacco warning messages, 28% had signs indicating tobacco sale and 12.4% had tobacco advertisements. For 48.7% of tobacco retail outlets, the nearest distances to other tobacco retail outlets were <50 m. For 80% of schools, there was at least one tobacco retail outlets within a 100 m radius.

Conclusion Tobacco advertisement in retail outlets is prevalent and the density of tobacco retail outlets is high in Hangzhou, China. Signs indicating ′no sales to minors′ and tobacco warning signs are almost non-existent. These findings point to an urgent need for the enforcement of regulations on display of ′no sales to minors′ and a new density standard for tobacco retail outlets based on protecting the public′s health.

语种: 英语
项目资助者: UK charity ; Oxford Health Alliance (OxHA) ; China Scholarship Council
WOS记录号: WOS:000320163000019
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/64945
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Hangzhou Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Div Chron & Noncommunicable, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
3.Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Soc Human Dev & Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA

Recommended Citation:
Gong, Ting,Lv, Jun,Liu, Qingmin,et al. Audit of tobacco retail outlets in Hangzhou, China[J]. TOBACCO CONTROL,2013,22(4):245-249.
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