|Domestic abuse on women in China before, during, and after pregnancy|
|Guo, SF; Wu, JL; Qu, CY; Yan, RY|
|关键词||spouse abuse pregnancy prevalence|
|刊名||CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL|
|收录类别||SCI ; SSCI|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Medicine, General & Internal|
|研究领域[WOS]||General & Internal Medicine|
|关键词[WOS]||PARTNER ABUSE ; VIOLENCE ; PREVALENCE ; COMMUNITY|
Background Some researchers found that partner-perpetrated physical violence increased in frequency and severity during the postpartum period compared with the antenatal period, however, limited data exists describing abuse of women in China. The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of abuse in China before, during, and after pregnancy, and explore possible factors related to abuse.
Methods A community-based face-to-face survey of a representative group of women who had a child aged 6 to 18 months in 32 communities of Tianjin, Liaoning, Henan, and Shaanxi provinces was carried out between November 1, 2001 and February 28, 2002.
Results The prevalence of domestic abuse (emotional, sexual, or physical) occurring in any period (before, during, or after pregnancy) was 12.6%. The prevalence of abuse during the approximate 9 months of pregnancy (4.3%) was relatively lower compared with the prevalence of abuse during the 12 months before pregnancy ( 9.1%) and after delivery ( 8.3%) during the mean 11-month postpartum period studied. Abuse before pregnancy was a strong risk factor for abuse during pregnancy and abuse after pregnancy, and abuse during any previous period was a strong risk factor for subsequent abuse. Many women who suffered abuse of any kind generally experienced multiple acts over time and most acts were not severe. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the factors associated with abuse during pregnancy included women previously witnessing domestic violence, a poor relationship with the partner, socioeconomic level, alcohol consumption, and smoking.
Conclusions It is necessary to do in-depth training and to raise awareness of partner abuse among all health professionals. Routine screening of abuse in maternity clinics is advocated to decrease the adverse impact of abuse on women and fetuses.
|作者单位||1.China CDC, Natl Ctr Women & Children Hlth, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Beijing 100034, Peoples R China
|Guo, SF,Wu, JL,Qu, CY,et al. Domestic abuse on women in China before, during, and after pregnancy[J]. CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,2004,117(3):331-336.|
|APA||Guo, SF,Wu, JL,Qu, CY,&Yan, RY.(2004).Domestic abuse on women in China before, during, and after pregnancy.CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,117(3),331-336.|
|MLA||Guo, SF,et al."Domestic abuse on women in China before, during, and after pregnancy".CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL 117.3(2004):331-336.|