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学科主题: 临床医学
题名:
Cyclosporine-loaded microspheres for treatment of uveitis: In vitro characterization and in vivo pharmacokinetic study
作者: He, Yuan; Liu, Yuling; Liu, Yu; Wang, Jiancheng; Zhang, Xuan; Lu, Wanliang; Ma, Zhizhong; Zhu, Xiuan; Zhang, Qiang
刊名: INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE
发表日期: 2006-09-01
DOI: 10.1167/iovs.05-1373
卷: 47, 期:9, 页:3983-3988
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Ophthalmology
研究领域[WOS]: Ophthalmology
关键词[WOS]: SUSTAINED-RELEASE CYCLOSPORINE ; ALBUMIN MICROSPHERES ; DELIVERY ; REJECTION ; EFFICACY ; KINETICS ; RABBIT ; RATES
英文摘要:

PURPOSE. A sustained intraocular level of immunosuppressive drug is desirable for the treatment of uveitis and other intraocular immune disorders. The objective of the present investigation was to assess the suitability of cyclosporine-loaded poly( lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres (CyS-PLGA-MS) to achieve this goal.

METHODS. A solvent-evaporation method was used in the preparation of CyS-PLGA-MS. These microspheres were characterized for drug loading, entrapment efficiency, and in vitro release by high-performance liquid chromatography, particle size by phase-contrast light microscopy and surface morphology by scanning electron microscopy. The H-3-CyS-PLGA-MS suspension was injected into the vitreous body of healthy rabbits, and the concentration of cyclosporine in various ocular tissues and blood at predetermined intervals was measured by a scintillation counting technique and the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. Intravitreous administration of H-3-CyS solution was conducted as the control.

RESULTS. The CyS-PLGA-MS was produced, with drug-loading ranging from 11% to 16% and a high entrapment efficiency from 86% to 98%. Microspheres were discrete, spherical particles with a diameter of approximately 50 mu m. The CyS was constantly and slowly released from microspheres in the in vitro release experiment. Compared with CyS solution, microspheres prolonged the release of CyS and maintained therapeutic CyS concentrations for at least 65 days in disease-related tissues such as the choroid-retina and iris-ciliary body. The percentage of CyS released in vitro correlated well with the CyS distribution rate in vivo.

CONCLUSIONS. CyS-PLGA-MS, displaying sustained intraocular release of CyS and showing advantages over CyS solution, may meet clinical needs more efficiently.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000240050700041
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/65412
Appears in Collections:北京大学第三临床医学院_眼科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hosp 3, Dept Ophthalmol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
He, Yuan,Liu, Yuling,Liu, Yu,et al. Cyclosporine-loaded microspheres for treatment of uveitis: In vitro characterization and in vivo pharmacokinetic study[J]. INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE,2006,47(9):3983-3988.
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