|Recent Pharmacokinetic Studies in Combination Therapies for Diabetes and Related Vascular Complications|
|Lu, He-Qi1; Lu, Wei2; Liu, Jun3; Yang, Kun-Jie1; Li, Zhi-Geng1|
|关键词||Combination therapy diabetes diabetic vascular complications pharmacokinetics pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics population pharmacokinetics|
|刊名||CURRENT VASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Peripheral Vascular Disease|
|研究领域[WOS]||Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Cardiovascular System & Cardiology|
|关键词[WOS]||DIPHOSPHATE RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS ; DRUG-INTERACTIONS ; CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS ; IN-VITRO ; ANTIHYPERGLYCEMIC AGENTS ; REDUCTASE INHIBITORS ; PHARMACODYNAMICS ; INSULIN ; METFORMIN ; METABOLISM|
Background: Combination treatment has been a popular therapeutic strategy in diabetes and related vascular complications. However, the reasonable dosing regimen in combination treatment remains unknown. Nowadays, pharmacokinetics (PK) is becoming a useful approach to reveal the mechanisms of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) and reasonable drug compatibility in combination treatment.
Scope: This article reviews the pharmacokinetics studies on combination therapies for diabetes and its vascular complications to reveal the mechanisms of reasonable drug compatibility for optimizing drug combination treatment.
Methods: Relevant articles were identified through the PubMed search (from January 2006 to December 2012) in English and the CNKI and Wan Wei websites in Chinese (from January 2000 to December 2012).
Findings: Thirty-six articles were identified, including 15 on DDIs, 8 on pharmacological mechanism or metabolic pathways, and 6 on non-drug factors. DDIs studies showed the changes of drug-effect in combination treatment, which could guide physicians to administer anti-hyperglycemic agent in best time and in optimal order. PK studies based on pharmacological mechanism or metabolic pathways revealed reasonable compatibility of fixed-dose combination (FDC). A combination of pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) and population pharmacokinetics (PopPK) and the development of PK/PD models in PK studies were good ways to determine the rational use and treatment effects in combined therapies. There were other 7 PK studies on the compatibility of preparations in Chinese medicine, which also outlined the features of DDIs in herbal drugs.
Conclusion: PK studies may be useful to resolve the growing and complex issue of drug combinations to devise reasonable treatment regimens and to make physicians recognize the mechanisms of combined therapies. However, more long-term, comprehensive PK studies on combination therapy should be conducted in future.
|项目编号||81102741 ; Z0214 ; YZ-1320|
|资助机构||National Natural Science Foundation of China ; China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences|
|作者单位||1.China Acad Chinese Med Sci, Inst Basic Theory Tradit Chinese Med, Beijing 100700, Peoples R China|
2.Peking Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Pharmaceut, Hlth Sci Ctr, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
3.China Acad Chinese Med Sci, Inst Basic Res Clin Med, Beijing 100700, Peoples R China
|Lu, He-Qi,Lu, Wei,Liu, Jun,et al. Recent Pharmacokinetic Studies in Combination Therapies for Diabetes and Related Vascular Complications[J]. CURRENT VASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY,2015,13(4):554-561.|
|APA||Lu, He-Qi,Lu, Wei,Liu, Jun,Yang, Kun-Jie,&Li, Zhi-Geng.(2015).Recent Pharmacokinetic Studies in Combination Therapies for Diabetes and Related Vascular Complications.CURRENT VASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY,13(4),554-561.|
|MLA||Lu, He-Qi,et al."Recent Pharmacokinetic Studies in Combination Therapies for Diabetes and Related Vascular Complications".CURRENT VASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY 13.4(2015):554-561.|