|Feeding practice of infants and their correlates in urban areas of Beijing, China|
|Li, LB; Li, SJ; Ali, M; Ushijima, H|
|关键词||breast-feeding complementary feeding risk factor Beijing|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|关键词[WOS]||COMPLEMENTARY FOODS ; BLOOD-LOSS ; COWS MILK ; GROWTH ; MALNUTRITION ; IMPACT ; AGE|
Background : Optimal feeding practice in the first year of life is crucial for the survival and health of infants, and has long-term consequences in later life. However, non-optimal feeding practices exist widely. The present study aims to explore various constraints to optimal feeding practices in the first year of life of infants in urban areas of Beijing, China.
Methods : A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban areas of Beijing from 4 July to 20 August, 1998. Two hundred and fifty-one mothers of infants aged 6-12 months were chosen from six child health centers in three different urban districts in Beijing. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding feeding practices and potentially related factors.
Results : Feeding practice for most of the infants was in accordance with the national and international recommendations. However, the rate of incidence of exclusive breast-feeding at 3 months of age was lower than that recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) (55.8%), and the introduction of solid/semisolid food before 4 months of age was found in approximately 19.3% of the infants. Cow′s milk was given to 21.2% of infants from 6 months of age as the sole source of milk or as a supplement. Maternal education level (OR = 2.44, 95% CI: 1.42-4.19, P < 0.05), employment (OR = 2.05, 95% CI: 1.13-3.74, P < 0.05) and antenatal nonexclusive breast-feeding plans (OR = 4.10, 95% CI: 2.24-7.50, P < 0.001) were found to be correlated to inappropriate feeding practices.
Conclusions : The feeding practices for most of the urban infants was found to be in accordance with the Chinese government and WHO recommendations; however, non-optimal feeding practices presenting as the early cessation of breast-feeding and the introduction of solid/semisolid foods existed. Information regarding optimal feeding practices should be disseminated to mothers and medical professionals in China, to ensure optimal infant health.
|作者单位||1.Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Dev Med Sci,Inst Int Hlth, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo 1130033, Japan|
2.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr & Food Hyg, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Univ Sci & Technol, Affiliated Hosp, Child Hlth Ctr, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
|Li, LB,Li, SJ,Ali, M,et al. Feeding practice of infants and their correlates in urban areas of Beijing, China[J]. PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL,2003,45(4):400-406.|
|APA||Li, LB,Li, SJ,Ali, M,&Ushijima, H.(2003).Feeding practice of infants and their correlates in urban areas of Beijing, China.PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL,45(4),400-406.|
|MLA||Li, LB,et al."Feeding practice of infants and their correlates in urban areas of Beijing, China".PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL 45.4(2003):400-406.|