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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Association between particulate matter and its chemical constituents of urban air pollution and daily mortality or morbidity in Beijing City
作者: Li, Pei1,2,3; Xin, Jinyuan1; Wang, Yuesi1; Li, Guoxing4; Pan, Xiaochuan4; Wang, Shigong2; Cheng, Mengtian1; Wen, Tianxue1; Wang, Guangcheng3; Liu, Zirui1
关键词: Air pollution ; Chemical constituents ; Mortality ; Morbidity ; Particulatematter ; PM2.5 ; Time series ; Beijing
刊名: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
发表日期: 2015
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-3301-1
卷: 22, 期:1, 页:358-368
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]: 2008 OLYMPIC GAMES ; FINE PARTICLES ; HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS ; CITIES ; PM2.5 ; COMPONENTS ; CALIFORNIA ; COUNTIES ; SEATTLE ; CALFINE
英文摘要:

Recent time series studies have indicated that daily mortality and morbidity are associated with particulate matters. However, about the relative effects and its seasonal patterns of fine particulate matter constituents is particularly limited in developing Asian countries. In this study, we examined the role of particulate matters and its key chemical components of fine particles on both mortality and morbidity in Beijing. We applied several overdispersed Poisson generalized nonlinear models, adjusting for time, day of week, holiday, temperature, and relative humidity, to investigate the association between risk of mortality or morbidity and particulate matters and its constituents in Beijing, China, for January 2005 through December 2009. Particles and several constituents were associated with multiple mortality or morbidity categories, especially on respiratory health. For a 3-day lag, the nonaccident mortality increased by 1.52, 0.19, 1.03, 0.56, 0.42, and 0.32 % for particulate matter (PM)(2.5), PM10, K+, SO42-, Ca2+, and NO3- based on interquartile ranges of 36.00, 64.00, 0.41, 8.75, 1.43, and 2.24 mu g/m(3), respectively. The estimates of short-term effects for PM2.5 and its components in the cold season were 1 similar to 6 times higher than that in the full year on these health outcomes. Most of components had stronger adverse effects on human health in the heavy PM2.5 mass concentrations, especially for K+, NO3-, and SO42-. This analysis added to the growing body of evidence linking PM2.5 with mortality or morbidity and indicated that excess risks may vary among specific PM2.5 components. Combustion-related products, traffic sources, vegetative burning, and crustal component and resuspended road dust may play a key role in the associations between air pollution and public health in Beijing.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: XDA05100100 ; D09040903670902 ; 41021004 ; 41075103 ; 2012BAJ18B08 ; GYHY201106034
项目资助者: CAS Strategic Priority Research Program ; public project of the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Research Subject of State Science and Technology Support Program of China ; Gong-Yi Program of China Meteorological Administration ; "Meteorological Environment and Health" Special Service Program of National Population and Health Science Data Sharing Platform
WOS记录号: WOS:000347407200027
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/65947
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, State Key Lab Atmospher Boundary Layer Phys & Atm, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Lanzhou Univ, Coll Atmospher Sci, Minist Educ, Key Lab Semi Arid Climate Change, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
3.PLA, Unit 93501, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Li, Pei,Xin, Jinyuan,Wang, Yuesi,et al. Association between particulate matter and its chemical constituents of urban air pollution and daily mortality or morbidity in Beijing City[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH,2015,22(1):358-368.
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