|Dopamine transporter availability in heroin-dependent subjects and controls: longitudinal changes during abstinence and the effects of Jitai tablets treatment|
|Liu, Ying1,2; Han, Mei1; Liu, Xingdang2; Deng, Yanping3; Li, Yu4; Yuan, Jie2; Lv, Rongbin2; Wang, Yuankai2; Zhang, Guangming2; Gao, Jinlong1|
|关键词||Dopamine transporter Heroin dependence Single-photon emission computed tomography Jitai tablets|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Neurosciences ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Psychiatry|
|研究领域[WOS]||Neurosciences & Neurology ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Psychiatry|
|关键词[WOS]||POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY ; TANDEM MASS-SPECTROMETRY ; FREELY MOVING RATS ; METHAMPHETAMINE ABUSERS ; PARKINSONS-DISEASE ; NUCLEUS-ACCUMBENS ; DRUG-ADDICTION ; USERS ; DEPRESSION ; SPECT|
Previous imaging studies have indicated that the levels of the dopamine transporter (DAT) are reduced in the brains of heroin users. However, whether these changes can be reversed by abstinence and/or treatment remains unclear.
This study aims to investigate DAT availability in heroin users and changes in DAT availability after abstinence and treatment with the Jitai tablets, a traditional Chinese medicinal product that is approved for the treatment of opioid addiction.
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with [Tc-99m] TRODAT-1 was performed on heroin-dependent patients (n = 64) and healthy controls (n = 15). The patients were randomly assigned to treatment with either placebo or the Jitai. All patients underwent SPECT imaging both at baseline and after 6 months of treatment. DAT availability was assessed in the caudate and putamen. Depression and anxiety were evaluated at baseline.
DAT availability remained at low levels during a 6-month period in the placebo-treated group but was increased (14-17 %) in the Jitai-treated group. The ratio of DAT availability at month 6 to that at baseline in the Jitai-treated group was significantly higher than that in the placebo-treated group in both the bilateral caudate and putamen. DAT uptake in the striatum was significantly correlated with daily heroin dose, years of heroin use, and depression.
These findings suggest that chronic heroin use induces long-lasting striatal DAT reductions. DAT availability remained unchanged during a 6-month period of abstinence. Treatment with Jitai appears to be effective at increasing striatal DAT availability.
|项目编号||2008BA149B04 ; 2008BA149B01 ; 81173139 ; 21233003|
|资助机构||National Key Technology R& ; D Program of China ; China National Science Foundation ; Major Research Plan of NSFC|
|作者单位||1.Drug Rehabil Ctr, Shanghai, Peoples R China|
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Key Lab Radiopharmaceut, Coll Chem, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.Fudan Univ, Dept Nucl Med, Huashan Hosp, Shanghai 200433, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Natl Inst Drug Dependence, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
|Liu, Ying,Han, Mei,Liu, Xingdang,et al. Dopamine transporter availability in heroin-dependent subjects and controls: longitudinal changes during abstinence and the effects of Jitai tablets treatment[J]. PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY,2013,230(2):235-244.|
|APA||Liu, Ying.,Han, Mei.,Liu, Xingdang.,Deng, Yanping.,Li, Yu.,...&Gao, Jinlong.(2013).Dopamine transporter availability in heroin-dependent subjects and controls: longitudinal changes during abstinence and the effects of Jitai tablets treatment.PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY,230(2),235-244.|
|MLA||Liu, Ying,et al."Dopamine transporter availability in heroin-dependent subjects and controls: longitudinal changes during abstinence and the effects of Jitai tablets treatment".PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY 230.2(2013):235-244.|