IR@PKUHSC  > 中国药物依赖性研究所
学科主题药物依赖
Drug abuse in China
Zhao, CZ; Liu, ZM; Zhao, D; Liu, YH; Liang, JH; Tang, YL; Liu, ZY; Zheng, JW; Ali, SF; Nabeshima, T; Yanagita, T
关键词drug abuse China
刊名CURRENT STATUS OF DRUG DEPENDENCE / ABUSE STUDIES: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF DRUGS OF ABUSE AND NEUROTOXICITY
2004
DOI10.1196/annals.1316.054
1025页:439-445
收录类别ISTP ; SCI
文章类型Proceedings Paper
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Biochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Cell Biology ; Substance Abuse ; Multidisciplinary Sciences ; Neurosciences
研究领域[WOS]Biochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Cell Biology ; Substance Abuse ; Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Neurosciences & Neurology
英文摘要

The drug problem in China reappeared in the late 1980s. At that time, most drug abusers used opium only, with heroin accounting for a very small proportion and its use being limited to border areas in the southwest and rural areas in the northwest. Beginning in the early 1990s, drug abuse spread quickly. The number of registered drug addicts increased from 70,000 in 1990 to one million by the end of 2002. Besides opioids, some "new" kinds of drugs including amphetamines and ketamine have penetrated the country through various channels since 1997. Drug abuse has caused severe problems for both the abusers and society. Three types of treatment settings for detoxification and rehabilitation are available: compulsory detoxification institutions, rehabilitation units through labor, and voluntary detoxification institutions run by sections of public security, justice, and health, respectively. Medical treatment is often combined with psychological counseling and physical training. Pharmaceutical therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and nonpharmaceutical therapy are utilized for opioid addiction. Drug prevention, especially for young people, is emphasized. NGOs at different levels have all joined in this work. Intervention work was also started in regions where drug abuse and HIV/AIDS problems are serious. Drug abusers are helped to keep drug free after being released from detoxification settings by their communities. Different levels of institutions engaged in research on drug abuse are found in all parts of China.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000226975200054
引用统计
被引频次:55[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/66467
专题中国药物依赖性研究所
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Natl Inst Drug Dependence, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Capital Univ Med Sci, Beijing Anding Hosp, Natl Drug Dependence Treatment Ctr, Beijing 100009, Peoples R China
3.Acad Mil Med Sci, Inst Pharmacol & Toxicol, Beijing 100850, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Zhao, CZ,Liu, ZM,Zhao, D,et al. Drug abuse in China[J]. CURRENT STATUS OF DRUG DEPENDENCE / ABUSE STUDIES: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF DRUGS OF ABUSE AND NEUROTOXICITY,2004,1025:439-445.
APA Zhao, CZ.,Liu, ZM.,Zhao, D.,Liu, YH.,Liang, JH.,...&Yanagita, T.(2004).Drug abuse in China.CURRENT STATUS OF DRUG DEPENDENCE / ABUSE STUDIES: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF DRUGS OF ABUSE AND NEUROTOXICITY,1025,439-445.
MLA Zhao, CZ,et al."Drug abuse in China".CURRENT STATUS OF DRUG DEPENDENCE / ABUSE STUDIES: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF DRUGS OF ABUSE AND NEUROTOXICITY 1025(2004):439-445.
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