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学科主题: 精神卫生
题名:
Social and non-social deficits in children with high-functioning autism and their cooperative behaviors
作者: Li, Jing1; Zhu, Liqi1; Liu, Jing2; Li, Xue2
关键词: High-functioning autism (HFA) ; Cooperation ; Theory of mind (ToM) ; Executive function ; Central coherence
刊名: RESEARCH IN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS
发表日期: 2014-12-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.rasd.2014.08.016
卷: 8, 期:12, 页:1657-1671
收录类别: SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Social Sciences ; Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Education, Special ; Psychology, Developmental ; Psychiatry ; Rehabilitation
研究领域[WOS]: Education & Educational Research ; Psychology ; Psychiatry ; Rehabilitation
关键词[WOS]: THEORY-OF-MIND ; WEAK CENTRAL COHERENCE ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTION ; ASPERGER-SYNDROME ; SPECTRUM DISORDERS ; JOINT ATTENTION ; INHIBITORY CONTROL ; COGNITIVE-STYLE ; YOUNG-CHILDREN ; INTENTIONS
英文摘要:

The persistent deficits in social communication and social interactions of individuals with high-functioning autism (HFA) may impair their cooperative behaviors. This study investigated the relationship between social and non-social deficits in children with HFA and the cooperative behaviors of such children. Theory of mind (ToM), executive function, and central coherence of children with HFA and typically developing (TD) children, aged 6-12 years, were investigated, and the effects of these social and non-social deficits on children′s cooperativeness were examined. The classical prisoner′s dilemma game (PDG) and cooperative implemental tasks were used to assess children′s cooperativeness. ToM was measured using a series of classical false belief tasks and the face test. The Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) and the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) were administered to assess executive function and central coherence, respectively. The results showed that there was no significant difference in cooperation in PDG between HFA and TD children, while cooperation in children with HFA in the interruption period of the implemental tasks was significantly lower than that of TD children. Children with HFA had social deficits and had more poorly developed ToM than TD children, and executive function in children with HFA was poorer than that in TD children. Different types of deficits were predictive of HFA children′s degree of cooperation on different tasks: the social perceptual component of ToM and executive function predicted children′s cooperativeness in the PDC, and executive function predicted HFA children′s cooperativeness during the interruption period of an implemental task. By contrast, central coherence did not predict either of the two types of cooperation. It might indicate that the two different types of cooperative tasks may require different mental abilities. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000345186700005
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/66477
Appears in Collections:北京大学精神卫生研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Minist Hlth, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Li, Jing,Zhu, Liqi,Liu, Jing,et al. Social and non-social deficits in children with high-functioning autism and their cooperative behaviors[J]. RESEARCH IN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS,2014,8(12):1657-1671.
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