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学科主题: 药物依赖
题名:
Exploratory Analysis of the Association between New-Type Drug Use and Sexual Transmission of HIV in China
作者: Jia, Zhongwei1; Wang, Wei1; Dye, Christopher2; Bao, Yanping3; Liu, Zhimin3; Lu, Lin3
刊名: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE
发表日期: 2010-03-01
DOI: 10.3109/00952991003734269
卷: 36, 期:2, 页:130-133
收录类别: SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Social Sciences ; Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Psychology, Clinical ; Substance Abuse
研究领域[WOS]: Psychology ; Substance Abuse
英文摘要:

Background: A recent assessment by the Chinese government showed that sexual transmission is becoming the main mode of spreading human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in China. The annual report on drug abuse demonstrated a seven-fold increase of use of Amphetamine Type Stimulants (ATS), which has been strongly correlated with sexual risk-taking behaviors, in 2007 than that in 2003. These observations suggest that ATS use may have contributed to the rapid increase in sexual transmission of HIV in China. Objective: The present study aims to investigate the potential association between new drug users and transmission modes. Methods: Partial Least Squares Path Model and Partial Least Squares Regression Models have been used to evaluate the potential correlation between ATS users and the sexual transmission of HIV. Results: Our analysis indicates that HIV infection by drug use mode mainly results from heroin users (R = .5). ATS (R = -.9) and other drug users (R = -.4) have a negative relationship with HIV infection by drug use mode. However, for HIV infection by sexual transmission mode, ATS (R = 5.5) and other drug users (R = .6) show a positive association. ATS, especially, presents a strongly association with the sexual transmission of HIV. Conclusion: The study results suggest that ATS users significantly contribute to the sexual transmission of HIV. Scientific Significance: It is helpful to evaluate and predict the potential risk factors related with epidemic of HIV in China and provide theoretical evidence for HIV/AIDS health officers and policy makers to better construct target interventions and implement control measures.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000276040000009
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/66771
Appears in Collections:中国药物依赖性研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland
2.Capital Med Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Family Med, Beijing 100069, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Natl Inst Drug Dependence, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Jia, Zhongwei,Wang, Wei,Dye, Christopher,et al. Exploratory Analysis of the Association between New-Type Drug Use and Sexual Transmission of HIV in China[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE,2010,36(2):130-133.
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