|Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide plans and attempts in rural and urban regions of Beijing, China|
|Ma, Xin1; Xiang, Yu-Tao1,2; Cai, Zhuo-Ji1; Li, Shu-Ran3; Xiang, Ying-Qiang1; Guo, Hong-Li1; Hou, Ye-Zhi1; Li, Zhen-Bo1; Li, Zhan-Jiang1; Tao, Yu-Fen1; Dang, Wei-Min3; Wu, Xiao-Mei1; Deng, Jing; Chan, Sandra S. M.2; Ungvari, Gabor S.2; Chiu, Helen F. K.2|
|关键词||attempt China community prevalence suicide|
|刊名||AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY|
|收录类别||SCI ; SSCI|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|关键词[WOS]||RISK-FACTORS ; SCHIZOPHRENIA ; COMMUNITY ; BEHAVIOR ; COUNTRIES ; RATES|
Objective: There has been no large-scale survey of suicide-related behaviours including suicidal ideations, plans and attempts in China involving both rural and urban areas and using standardized assessment tools. The aim of the present study was to determine the lifetime prevalence of suicide-related behaviour and its relationship with sociodemographic factors and psychiatric disorders in the rural and urban regions of Beijing, China.
Methods: A total of 5926 subjects were randomly selected in Beijing and interviewed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Basic sociodemographic and clinical data and data on suicide-related behaviour were also collected.
Results: The overall lifetime prevalence estimates of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts were 2.3%, 1.4%, and 1.0%, respectively; the corresponding figures were 2.8%, 1.6%, and 1.3% in the rural sample, and 1.8%, 1.3%, and 0.9% in the urban sample. Age (> 25 years), female sex, unmarried status, lower education level, lower (< RMB500 month(-1)) or higher (> RMB2000 month(-1)) monthly income and presence of major medical disorders were significantly associated with increased risk of suicide-related behaviour. 36.2% of subjects with suicide-related behavior consulted a medical practitioner and 20.7% consulted a psychiatrist.
Conclusions: The prevalence of lifetime suicide-related behaviour in Beijing is lower than in Western countries, but the low percentage of subjects treated for suicide-related behaviour indicates a major public health problem that should be addressed. National surveys are needed to further explore the prevalence of suicide-related behaviour in China.
|作者单位||1.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China|
2.Capital Med Univ, Beijing Anding Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychiat, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
|Ma, Xin,Xiang, Yu-Tao,Cai, Zhuo-Ji,et al. Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide plans and attempts in rural and urban regions of Beijing, China[J]. AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY,2009,43(2):158-166.|
|APA||Ma, Xin.,Xiang, Yu-Tao.,Cai, Zhuo-Ji.,Li, Shu-Ran.,Xiang, Ying-Qiang.,...&Chiu, Helen F. K..(2009).Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide plans and attempts in rural and urban regions of Beijing, China.AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY,43(2),158-166.|
|MLA||Ma, Xin,et al."Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide plans and attempts in rural and urban regions of Beijing, China".AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY 43.2(2009):158-166.|