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Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality
Shang, Yu1; Sun, Zhiwei2; Cao, Junji3; Wang, Xinming4; Zhong, Liuju5; Bi, Xinhui4; Li, Hong6; Liu, Wenxin7; Zhu, Tong8,9; Huang, Wei8,10
关键词Meta-analysis Air pollution Mortality Exposure-response relationship Health impact assessment China
刊名ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL
2013-04-01
DOI10.1016/j.envint.2013.01.010
54页:100-111
收录类别SCI
文章类型Review
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS ; PEARL RIVER DELTA ; AMBIENT AIR ; CARDIOVASCULAR MORTALITY ; PARTICULATE MATTER ; COARSE PARTICLES ; NITROGEN-DIOXIDE ; EUROPEAN CITIES ; CARBON-MONOXIDE ; PUBLIC-HEALTH
英文摘要

Health effects attributable to air pollution exposure in Chinese population have been least understood. The authors conducted a meta-analysis on 33 time-series and case-crossover studies conducted in China to assess mortality effects of short-term exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters less than 10 and 2.5 mu m (PM10 and PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O-3) and carbon monoxide (CO). Significant associations between air pollution exposure and increased mortality risks were observed in the pooled estimates for all pollutants of interest. In specific, each 10 mu g/m(3) increase in PM2.5 was askwiated with a 0.38% (95% Confidence Interval, CI: 0.31, 0.45) increase in total mortality, a 0.51% (95% CI: 0.30, 0.73) in respiratory mortality, and a 0.44% (95% CI: 033, 0.54) in cardiovascular mortality. When current annual PM2.5 levels in mega-Chinese cities to be reduced to the WHO Air Quality Guideline (AQG) of 10 mu g/m(3), mortality attributable to short-term exposure to PM2.5 could be reduced by 2.7%, 1.7%, 2.3%, and 62% in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Xi′an, respectively. The authors recommend future studies on the nature of air pollution concentration and health effect relationships in Chinese population to support setting stringent air quality standards to improve public health. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000317454000013
项目编号201009032 ; 81230065 ; 21190051 ; 21107068 ; 2008AA062503
资助机构Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection ; National Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology
引用统计
被引频次:128[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67373
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Shanghai Univ, Sch Environm & Chem Engn, Inst Environm Pollut & Hlth, Shanghai 200444, Peoples R China
2.Capital Med Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Family Med, Beijing 100069, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, Xian 710075, Shanxi Province, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Geochem, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
5.Guangdong Environm Monitoring Ctr, Guangzhou 510308, Guangdong, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Res Inst Environm Sci, State Key Lab Environm Criteria & Risk Assessment, Beijing 200012, Peoples R China
7.Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
8.Peking Univ, Ctr Environm & Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
9.Peking Univ, Coll Environm Sci & Engn, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
10.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hlth Sci Ctr, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Shang, Yu,Sun, Zhiwei,Cao, Junji,et al. Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality[J]. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,2013,54:100-111.
APA Shang, Yu.,Sun, Zhiwei.,Cao, Junji.,Wang, Xinming.,Zhong, Liuju.,...&Huang, Wei.(2013).Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality.ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,54,100-111.
MLA Shang, Yu,et al."Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality".ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL 54(2013):100-111.
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