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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality
作者: Shang, Yu1; Sun, Zhiwei2; Cao, Junji3; Wang, Xinming4; Zhong, Liuju5; Bi, Xinhui4; Li, Hong6; Liu, Wenxin7; Zhu, Tong8,9; Huang, Wei8,10
关键词: Meta-analysis ; Air pollution ; Mortality ; Exposure-response relationship ; Health impact assessment ; China
刊名: ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL
发表日期: 2013-04-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2013.01.010
卷: 54, 页:100-111
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Review
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]: TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS ; PEARL RIVER DELTA ; AMBIENT AIR ; CARDIOVASCULAR MORTALITY ; PARTICULATE MATTER ; COARSE PARTICLES ; NITROGEN-DIOXIDE ; EUROPEAN CITIES ; CARBON-MONOXIDE ; PUBLIC-HEALTH
英文摘要:

Health effects attributable to air pollution exposure in Chinese population have been least understood. The authors conducted a meta-analysis on 33 time-series and case-crossover studies conducted in China to assess mortality effects of short-term exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters less than 10 and 2.5 mu m (PM10 and PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O-3) and carbon monoxide (CO). Significant associations between air pollution exposure and increased mortality risks were observed in the pooled estimates for all pollutants of interest. In specific, each 10 mu g/m(3) increase in PM2.5 was askwiated with a 0.38% (95% Confidence Interval, CI: 0.31, 0.45) increase in total mortality, a 0.51% (95% CI: 0.30, 0.73) in respiratory mortality, and a 0.44% (95% CI: 033, 0.54) in cardiovascular mortality. When current annual PM2.5 levels in mega-Chinese cities to be reduced to the WHO Air Quality Guideline (AQG) of 10 mu g/m(3), mortality attributable to short-term exposure to PM2.5 could be reduced by 2.7%, 1.7%, 2.3%, and 62% in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Xi′an, respectively. The authors recommend future studies on the nature of air pollution concentration and health effect relationships in Chinese population to support setting stringent air quality standards to improve public health. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
所属项目编号: 201009032 ; 81230065 ; 21190051 ; 21107068 ; 2008AA062503
项目资助者: Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection ; National Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology
WOS记录号: WOS:000317454000013
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67373
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Shanghai Univ, Sch Environm & Chem Engn, Inst Environm Pollut & Hlth, Shanghai 200444, Peoples R China
2.Capital Med Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Family Med, Beijing 100069, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, Xian 710075, Shanxi Province, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Geochem, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
5.Guangdong Environm Monitoring Ctr, Guangzhou 510308, Guangdong, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Res Inst Environm Sci, State Key Lab Environm Criteria & Risk Assessment, Beijing 200012, Peoples R China
7.Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
8.Peking Univ, Ctr Environm & Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
9.Peking Univ, Coll Environm Sci & Engn, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
10.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hlth Sci Ctr, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Shang, Yu,Sun, Zhiwei,Cao, Junji,et al. Systematic review of Chinese studies of short-term exposure to air pollution and daily mortality[J]. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,2013,54:100-111.
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