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Psychological symptoms and associated risk factors in Chinese freshmen: a three-year follow-up study
Guo Qi1; Huang Yue-qin1; Liu Zhao-rui1; Wang Hong2
关键词psychological symptom personality disorder freshman mental health parental rearing behavior
刊名CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL
2013-09-20
DOI10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.20131201
126期:18页:3499-3504
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Medicine, General & Internal
资助者China Medical Board (CMB) of New York ; China Medical Board (CMB) of New York
研究领域[WOS]General & Internal Medicine
关键词[WOS]PERSONALITY-DISORDERS ; MENTAL-HEALTH ; NEGATIVE AFFECT ; STRESS ; IMPACT ; LIFE ; ADOLESCENTS ; DEPRESSION
英文摘要

Background The first year of attending university induces a stressful experience for many college students. The experience exposes these students to challenging circumstances and raises expectations, which consequently increases the risk of psychiatric disorders and may exacerbate pre-existing problems. This study was designed to explore the risk factors of psychological symptoms among freshmen in China. Methods A three-year follow-up study was designed in a sample of Chinese college freshmen. To set up the baseline interviews, subjects from 25 high schools in Beijing were interviewed during the first year in high school. Three years later, we followed up with the 1547 students from 15 of the previously-selected 25 high schools after they had entered universities. Association between potential risk factors and the occurrence of psychological symptoms measured by the Symptoms Check List-90 was evaluated in unconditional logistic regression models with Wald test. Results Among the 1547 interviewed college freshmen in the study, 120 students (7.8%) manifested at least one psychological symptom. Personality dysfunction (OR=3.655, 95% Cl 1.967-6.793), parental rejection (OR=2.619, 95% Cl 1.544-4.442), age >=. 20 (OR=2.578, 95% Cl 1.227-5.418), disfavored university (OR=2.054, 95% Cl 1.376-3.066), non-first-choice academic major (OR=1.887, 95% Cl 1.255-2.837) and no orientation (OR=1.739, 95% Cl 1.025-2.951) were determined to be the risk factors of psychological symptoms among the college freshmen in China. Conclusions Psychological symptoms of college freshmen are associated with personality traits, parental rearing behavior and study environment. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to changes in mental health as students enter or decide on colleges and increase education geared towards mental health issues for students in high school and universities in China.

语种英语
资助者China Medical Board (CMB) of New York ; China Medical Board (CMB) of New York
WOS记录号WOS:000329015700020
引用统计
被引频次:4[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67469
专题北京大学精神卫生研究所
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Minist Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Guo Qi,Huang Yue-qin,Liu Zhao-rui,et al. Psychological symptoms and associated risk factors in Chinese freshmen: a three-year follow-up study[J]. CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,2013,126(18):3499-3504.
APA Guo Qi,Huang Yue-qin,Liu Zhao-rui,&Wang Hong.(2013).Psychological symptoms and associated risk factors in Chinese freshmen: a three-year follow-up study.CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,126(18),3499-3504.
MLA Guo Qi,et al."Psychological symptoms and associated risk factors in Chinese freshmen: a three-year follow-up study".CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL 126.18(2013):3499-3504.
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