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学科主题: 精神卫生
题名:
Psychological symptoms and associated risk factors in Chinese freshmen: a three-year follow-up study
作者: Guo Qi1; Huang Yue-qin1; Liu Zhao-rui1; Wang Hong2
关键词: psychological symptom ; personality disorder ; freshman ; mental health ; parental rearing behavior
刊名: CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL
发表日期: 2013-09-20
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.20131201
卷: 126, 期:18, 页:3499-3504
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Medicine, General & Internal
研究领域[WOS]: General & Internal Medicine
关键词[WOS]: PERSONALITY-DISORDERS ; MENTAL-HEALTH ; NEGATIVE AFFECT ; STRESS ; IMPACT ; LIFE ; ADOLESCENTS ; DEPRESSION
英文摘要:

Background The first year of attending university induces a stressful experience for many college students. The experience exposes these students to challenging circumstances and raises expectations, which consequently increases the risk of psychiatric disorders and may exacerbate pre-existing problems. This study was designed to explore the risk factors of psychological symptoms among freshmen in China. Methods A three-year follow-up study was designed in a sample of Chinese college freshmen. To set up the baseline interviews, subjects from 25 high schools in Beijing were interviewed during the first year in high school. Three years later, we followed up with the 1547 students from 15 of the previously-selected 25 high schools after they had entered universities. Association between potential risk factors and the occurrence of psychological symptoms measured by the Symptoms Check List-90 was evaluated in unconditional logistic regression models with Wald test. Results Among the 1547 interviewed college freshmen in the study, 120 students (7.8%) manifested at least one psychological symptom. Personality dysfunction (OR=3.655, 95% Cl 1.967-6.793), parental rejection (OR=2.619, 95% Cl 1.544-4.442), age >=. 20 (OR=2.578, 95% Cl 1.227-5.418), disfavored university (OR=2.054, 95% Cl 1.376-3.066), non-first-choice academic major (OR=1.887, 95% Cl 1.255-2.837) and no orientation (OR=1.739, 95% Cl 1.025-2.951) were determined to be the risk factors of psychological symptoms among the college freshmen in China. Conclusions Psychological symptoms of college freshmen are associated with personality traits, parental rearing behavior and study environment. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to changes in mental health as students enter or decide on colleges and increase education geared towards mental health issues for students in high school and universities in China.

语种: 英语
项目资助者: China Medical Board (CMB) of New York
WOS记录号: WOS:000329015700020
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67469
Appears in Collections:北京大学精神卫生研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Minist Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Guo Qi,Huang Yue-qin,Liu Zhao-rui,et al. Psychological symptoms and associated risk factors in Chinese freshmen: a three-year follow-up study[J]. CHINESE MEDICAL JOURNAL,2013,126(18):3499-3504.
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