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学科主题: 基础医学
题名:
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta induces insulin-induced gene-1 and suppresses hepatic lipogenesis in obese diabetic mice
作者: Qin, Xiaomei1,2,3; Xie, Xuefen4; Fan, Yanbo1,2,3; Tian, Jianwei1,2,3; Guan, Youfei1,2,3,4; Wang, Xian1,2,3,4; Zhu, Yi1,2,3,4; Wang, Nanping1,2,3,4
刊名: HEPATOLOGY
发表日期: 2008-08-01
DOI: 10.1002/hep.22334
卷: 48, 期:2, 页:432-441
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
研究领域[WOS]: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
关键词[WOS]: VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS ; ADENOVIRUS-MEDIATED OVEREXPRESSION ; INTERCELLULAR-ADHESION MOLECULE-1 ; ELEMENT-BINDING PROTEIN ; FATTY LIVER-DISEASE ; PPAR-DELTA ; METABOLIC SYNDROME ; C-JUN ; CHOLESTEROL-SYNTHESIS ; ADIPOSE-TISSUE
英文摘要:

Primary nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is one of the most common forms of chronic liver diseases and is associated with insulin-resistant states such as diabetes and obesity. Recent work has revealed potential implications of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPAR delta) in lipid homeostasis and insulin resistance. In this study, we examined the effect of PPAR delta on sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1), a pivotal transcription factor controlling lipogenesis in hepatocytes. Treatment with GW0742, the PPAR delta agonist, or overexpression of PPAR delta markedly reduced intracellular lipid accumulation. GW0742 and PPAR delta overexpression in hepatocytes induced the expression of insulin-induced gene-1 (Insig-1), an endoplasmic reticulum protein braking SREBP activation, at both the mRNA and the protein levels. PPAR delta inhibited the proteolytic processing of SREBP-1 into the mature active form, thereby suppressing the expression of the lipogenic genes fatty acid synthase, stearyl CoA desaturase-1, and acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase. Our results revealed a direct binding of PPAR delta to a noncanonical peroxisome proliferator responsive element motif upstream of the transcription initiation site of human Insig-1. The disruption of this site diminished the induction of Insig-1, which suggested that Insig-1 is a direct PPAR delta target gene in hepatocytes. Knockdown of endogenous Insig-1 attenuated the suppressive effect of GW0742 on SREBP-1 and its target genes, indicating PPAR delta inhibited SREBP-1 activation via induction of Insig-1. Furthermore, overexpression of PPAR delta by intravenous infection with the PPAR delta adenovirus induced the expression of Insig-1, suppressed SREBP-1 activation, and, consequently, ameliorated hepatic steatosis in obese db/db mice. Conclusion: Our study reveals a novel mechanism by which PPAR delta regulates lipogenesis, suggesting potential therapeutic applications of PPAR delta modulators in obesity and type 2 diabetes, as well as related steatotic liver diseases.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000258247400010
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67593
Appears in Collections:基础医学院_心血管所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Inst Cardiovasc Sci, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Minist Educ, Key Lab Cardiovasc Sci, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
3.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Ctr Diabet, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Physiol & Pathophysiol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Qin, Xiaomei,Xie, Xuefen,Fan, Yanbo,et al. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta induces insulin-induced gene-1 and suppresses hepatic lipogenesis in obese diabetic mice[J]. HEPATOLOGY,2008,48(2):432-441.
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