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Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers
Shuai, Jian1; Yue, Pengying1,2; Li, Liping1; Liu, Fengying1,3; Wang, Sheng4
关键词Teachers Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders Intervention
刊名BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
2014-11-24
DOI10.1186/1471-2458-14-1211
14
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
研究领域[WOS]Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
关键词[WOS]ILL-HEALTH RETIREMENT ; OFFICE WORKERS ; RISK-FACTORS ; ERGONOMIC INTERVENTIONS ; CHAIR INTERVENTION ; SYMPTOMS ; PAIN ; SCHOOLTEACHERS ; PERFORMANCE ; PREVALENCE
英文摘要

Background: Musculoskeletal disorders represent one of the most common and most costly occupational health problems in both developed and developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of occupational health education and ergonomic training on awareness, attitude and behavior of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among teachers.

Methods: A self-controlled longitudinal study with pre/post design was used to evaluate the effects of intervention among school teachers from the 21st of June, 2010 to the 21st of August, 2011. Choosing a cluster random sampling method, 350 (70.0% response rate (350/500)) teachers from four schools were assigned to receive eight weeks of intervention (participatory ergonomic training and occupational health education). Evaluations focused on teachers who participated in both pre- and post-questionnaires. Two post-tests were then administered to the participants to identify changes at six and 12 months after intervention.

Results: The follow-up rate was 93.7% (328/350) at six months after intervention, and 90.9% (319/350) at 12 months after intervention. After the intervention, the awareness rate, attitude and health behavior improved. The self-reported prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders for neck, shoulder, upper and lower back pain, or discomfort were lower than before intervention (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Interventions based on occupational health education lectures, on-site ergonomics training, publicity brochures and posters showed a positive effect on prevention and control of the occurrence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in teachers. Improvement in awareness, behavior and attitude changes, and prevalence were found at both six and 12 months post-intervention, confirming that the effectiveness of the program can be sustained.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000346864300001
项目编号2006BAI06B08
资助机构National Science and Technology Infrastructure Program, China
引用统计
被引频次:5[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67749
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Yanan Univ, Xian Innovat Coll, Xian 710100, Peoples R China
2.Shantou Univ, Coll Med, Injury Prevent Res Ctr, Shantou 515041, Peoples R China
3.Guangdong Prov Ctr STI & Skin Dis Control & Prevn, Guangzhou 510095, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Shuai, Jian,Yue, Pengying,Li, Liping,et al. Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers[J]. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH,2014,14.
APA Shuai, Jian,Yue, Pengying,Li, Liping,Liu, Fengying,&Wang, Sheng.(2014).Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers.BMC PUBLIC HEALTH,14.
MLA Shuai, Jian,et al."Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers".BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 14(2014).
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