|Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers|
|Shuai, Jian1; Yue, Pengying1,2; Li, Liping1; Liu, Fengying1,3; Wang, Sheng4|
|关键词||Teachers Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders Intervention|
|刊名||BMC PUBLIC HEALTH|
|收录类别||SCI ; SSCI|
|WOS标题词||Science & Technology|
|类目[WOS]||Public, Environmental & Occupational Health|
|研究领域[WOS]||Public, Environmental & Occupational Health|
|关键词[WOS]||ILL-HEALTH RETIREMENT ; OFFICE WORKERS ; RISK-FACTORS ; ERGONOMIC INTERVENTIONS ; CHAIR INTERVENTION ; SYMPTOMS ; PAIN ; SCHOOLTEACHERS ; PERFORMANCE ; PREVALENCE|
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders represent one of the most common and most costly occupational health problems in both developed and developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of occupational health education and ergonomic training on awareness, attitude and behavior of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among teachers.
Methods: A self-controlled longitudinal study with pre/post design was used to evaluate the effects of intervention among school teachers from the 21st of June, 2010 to the 21st of August, 2011. Choosing a cluster random sampling method, 350 (70.0% response rate (350/500)) teachers from four schools were assigned to receive eight weeks of intervention (participatory ergonomic training and occupational health education). Evaluations focused on teachers who participated in both pre- and post-questionnaires. Two post-tests were then administered to the participants to identify changes at six and 12 months after intervention.
Results: The follow-up rate was 93.7% (328/350) at six months after intervention, and 90.9% (319/350) at 12 months after intervention. After the intervention, the awareness rate, attitude and health behavior improved. The self-reported prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders for neck, shoulder, upper and lower back pain, or discomfort were lower than before intervention (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Interventions based on occupational health education lectures, on-site ergonomics training, publicity brochures and posters showed a positive effect on prevention and control of the occurrence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in teachers. Improvement in awareness, behavior and attitude changes, and prevalence were found at both six and 12 months post-intervention, confirming that the effectiveness of the program can be sustained.
|资助机构||National Science and Technology Infrastructure Program, China|
|作者单位||1.Yanan Univ, Xian Innovat Coll, Xian 710100, Peoples R China|
2.Shantou Univ, Coll Med, Injury Prevent Res Ctr, Shantou 515041, Peoples R China
3.Guangdong Prov Ctr STI & Skin Dis Control & Prevn, Guangzhou 510095, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Occupat & Environm Hlth, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
|Shuai, Jian,Yue, Pengying,Li, Liping,et al. Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers[J]. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH,2014,14.|
|APA||Shuai, Jian,Yue, Pengying,Li, Liping,Liu, Fengying,&Wang, Sheng.(2014).Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers.BMC PUBLIC HEALTH,14.|
|MLA||Shuai, Jian,et al."Assessing the effects of an educational program for the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers".BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 14(2014).|