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Cochrane systematic reviews in the field of addiction: What′s there and what should be
Amato, Laura1; Davoli, Marina1; Vecchi, Simona1; Ali, Rober2; Farrell, Michael3; Faggiano, Fabrizio4; Foxcroft, David5; Ling, Walter6; Minozzi, Silvia1; Zhao Chengzheng7
关键词Cochrane reviews Drug and alcohol Efficacy of interventions
刊名DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
2011-01-15
DOI10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.08.003
113期:2-3页:96-103
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
文章类型Review
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Substance Abuse ; Psychiatry
资助者Department of Epidemiology, Lazio Region, Italy ; Department of Epidemiology, Lazio Region, Italy
研究领域[WOS]Substance Abuse ; Psychiatry
关键词[WOS]RANDOMIZED-TRIALS ; QUALITY ; METAANALYSES ; MORTALITY ; RECOMMENDATIONS ; STRENGTH ; ALCOHOL ; STATEMENT ; IMPACT ; DRUGS
英文摘要

The Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group aims to produce, update, and disseminate systematic reviews on the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of problematic drug and alcohol use. The objective of the present paper was to summarize the main characteristics of the published systematic reviews in the field of drug and alcohol dependence, in terms of the topics covered, methods used to produce the reviews, and available evidence. By January 2010, the Group had published 52 reviews with 694 primary studies included out of 2059 studies considered for inclusion. Of these publications, 44% were published in 12 journals, including Drug and Alcohol Dependence (11%) with the highest number of publications, and 68% were conducted in North America. The majority of included studies (90%) were randomized controlled trials. Evaluating their methodological quality, we found that allocation concealment methods were not properly described in the majority of studies (18% adequate, 73% unclear, 9% inadequate). The percentage of interventions shown to be beneficial varied according to the substance considered: 42% for opioids, 37% for alcohol, 14% for psychostimulants, 7% for polydrugs, and 33% for prevention. Furthermore, 75% of the reviews provided specific information on further research needs. Cochrane reviews provide information on the most effective treatments, particularly in the area of opioid and alcohol dependence, and help clarify areas for further research. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

语种英语
资助者Department of Epidemiology, Lazio Region, Italy ; Department of Epidemiology, Lazio Region, Italy
WOS记录号WOS:000287062400004
引用统计
被引频次:15[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67849
专题中国药物依赖性研究所
作者单位1.Drug & Alcohol Serv Council, Parkside, SA 5063, Australia
2.Lazio Reg, Dept Epidemiol, I-00198 Rome, Italy
3.Natl Addict Ctr, Inst Psychiat, London SE5 8AF, England
4.Avogadro Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, I-28100 Novara, Italy
5.Oxford Brookes Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Care, Oxford OX3 0FL, England
6.Univ Calif Los Angeles, David Geffen Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Biobehav Sci, Integrated Subst Abuse Programs, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA
7.Beijing Univ, Natl Inst Drug Dependence, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Amato, Laura,Davoli, Marina,Vecchi, Simona,et al. Cochrane systematic reviews in the field of addiction: What′s there and what should be[J]. DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE,2011,113(2-3):96-103.
APA Amato, Laura.,Davoli, Marina.,Vecchi, Simona.,Ali, Rober.,Farrell, Michael.,...&Zhao Chengzheng.(2011).Cochrane systematic reviews in the field of addiction: What′s there and what should be.DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE,113(2-3),96-103.
MLA Amato, Laura,et al."Cochrane systematic reviews in the field of addiction: What′s there and what should be".DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE 113.2-3(2011):96-103.
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