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学科主题: 药物依赖
题名:
Cochrane systematic reviews in the field of addiction: What′s there and what should be
作者: Amato, Laura1; Davoli, Marina1; Vecchi, Simona1; Ali, Rober2; Farrell, Michael3; Faggiano, Fabrizio4; Foxcroft, David5; Ling, Walter6; Minozzi, Silvia1; Zhao Chengzheng7
关键词: Cochrane reviews ; Drug and alcohol ; Efficacy of interventions
刊名: DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
发表日期: 2011-01-15
DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.08.003
卷: 113, 期:2-3, 页:96-103
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
文章类型: Review
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Substance Abuse ; Psychiatry
研究领域[WOS]: Substance Abuse ; Psychiatry
关键词[WOS]: RANDOMIZED-TRIALS ; QUALITY ; METAANALYSES ; MORTALITY ; RECOMMENDATIONS ; STRENGTH ; ALCOHOL ; STATEMENT ; IMPACT ; DRUGS
英文摘要:

The Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group aims to produce, update, and disseminate systematic reviews on the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of problematic drug and alcohol use. The objective of the present paper was to summarize the main characteristics of the published systematic reviews in the field of drug and alcohol dependence, in terms of the topics covered, methods used to produce the reviews, and available evidence. By January 2010, the Group had published 52 reviews with 694 primary studies included out of 2059 studies considered for inclusion. Of these publications, 44% were published in 12 journals, including Drug and Alcohol Dependence (11%) with the highest number of publications, and 68% were conducted in North America. The majority of included studies (90%) were randomized controlled trials. Evaluating their methodological quality, we found that allocation concealment methods were not properly described in the majority of studies (18% adequate, 73% unclear, 9% inadequate). The percentage of interventions shown to be beneficial varied according to the substance considered: 42% for opioids, 37% for alcohol, 14% for psychostimulants, 7% for polydrugs, and 33% for prevention. Furthermore, 75% of the reviews provided specific information on further research needs. Cochrane reviews provide information on the most effective treatments, particularly in the area of opioid and alcohol dependence, and help clarify areas for further research. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

语种: 英语
项目资助者: Department of Epidemiology, Lazio Region, Italy
WOS记录号: WOS:000287062400004
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67849
Appears in Collections:中国药物依赖性研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Drug & Alcohol Serv Council, Parkside, SA 5063, Australia
2.Lazio Reg, Dept Epidemiol, I-00198 Rome, Italy
3.Natl Addict Ctr, Inst Psychiat, London SE5 8AF, England
4.Avogadro Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, I-28100 Novara, Italy
5.Oxford Brookes Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Care, Oxford OX3 0FL, England
6.Univ Calif Los Angeles, David Geffen Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Biobehav Sci, Integrated Subst Abuse Programs, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA
7.Beijing Univ, Natl Inst Drug Dependence, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Amato, Laura,Davoli, Marina,Vecchi, Simona,et al. Cochrane systematic reviews in the field of addiction: What′s there and what should be[J]. DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE,2011,113(2-3):96-103.
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