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学科主题: 公共卫生
题名:
High Blood Pressure in Chinese Ethnic Minorities: Report From Rural Yunnan Province
作者: Yang, Steven2; Liu, Sandy3; Wang, Ying4; Wan, Hao4; Zhao, Dong4; Li, Yi5; Chen, Shan Shan6; Wu, Yangfeng7,8; Dustin, Laurie9; Azen, Stan9; Hu, Da Yi10; Detrano, Robert C.1
关键词: blood pressure ; China ; cross-sectional study ; diet ; ethnic minority ; hypertension ; rural China
刊名: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION
发表日期: 2011-11-01
DOI: 10.1038/ajh.2011.127
卷: 24, 期:11, 页:1209-1214
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Peripheral Vascular Disease
研究领域[WOS]: Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
关键词[WOS]: HYPERTENSION ; PREVALENCE ; AWARENESS ; POPULATION ; BEHAVIOR ; SMOKING ; OBESITY ; PATTERN ; ADULTS
英文摘要:

Background

Hypertension (HTN) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality among rural Chinese. While HTN has been studied in various regions of China, little is known about HTN among ethnic minorities in rural China.

Methods

A total of 36 villages were randomly selected from Yunnan province, China. From these villages, a total of 1,676 subjects from 10 ethnic minorities and the Han ethnic majority were selected for interview and blood pressure (BP) measurement. From each village, 50-80 men and women between the ages of 50 and 70 years were randomly selected. HTN prevalence, treatment, and control rates of HTN were evaluated in these 11 ethnic groups.

Results

After controlling for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol, and monosodium glutamate intake, prevalence of HTN varied between 25% in the Hani minority and 64% in the Tibetan minority (P < 0.001). Treatment rates varied between 0% in the Hani minority and 41% in the Tibetan minority (P = 0.006). Control rates varied between 0% in the Hani minority and 17% in the Tibetan minority (P = 0.28). Prevalence, treatment, and control rates in the Han ethnic group were 35, 22, and 12%, respectively.

Conclusions

The prevalence of HTN varies widely among China′s ethnic groups. Treatment and control rates of HTN also vary and are inadequate in the minority ethnic groups as well as in the Han majority.

语种: 英语
项目资助者: University of California-Irvine ; China California Heart Watch
WOS记录号: WOS:000296140000011
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67885
Appears in Collections:北京大学公共卫生学院_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Med, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Univ Miami, Sch Med, Miami, FL USA
4.George Washington Univ, Sch Med, Washington, DC USA
5.Kunming Med Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Kunming, Peoples R China
6.China Calif Heart Watch, Irvine, CA USA
7.George Inst Global Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
8.Univ Calif Irvine, Sch Med, Dept Radiol, Irvine, CA 92717 USA
9.Capital Med Univ, Affiliated Beijing Anzhen Hosp, Beijing Inst Heart Lung & Blood Vessel Dis Beijin, Beijing, Peoples R China
10.Univ So Calif, Keck Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA

Recommended Citation:
Yang, Steven,Liu, Sandy,Wang, Ying,et al. High Blood Pressure in Chinese Ethnic Minorities: Report From Rural Yunnan Province[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION,2011,24(11):1209-1214.
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