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High Blood Pressure in Chinese Ethnic Minorities: Report From Rural Yunnan Province
Yang, Steven2; Liu, Sandy3; Wang, Ying4; Wan, Hao4; Zhao, Dong4; Li, Yi5; Chen, Shan Shan6; Wu, Yangfeng7,8; Dustin, Laurie9; Azen, Stan9; Hu, Da Yi10; Detrano, Robert C.1
关键词blood pressure China cross-sectional study diet ethnic minority hypertension rural China
刊名AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION
2011-11-01
DOI10.1038/ajh.2011.127
24期:11页:1209-1214
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Peripheral Vascular Disease
研究领域[WOS]Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
关键词[WOS]HYPERTENSION ; PREVALENCE ; AWARENESS ; POPULATION ; BEHAVIOR ; SMOKING ; OBESITY ; PATTERN ; ADULTS
英文摘要

Background

Hypertension (HTN) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality among rural Chinese. While HTN has been studied in various regions of China, little is known about HTN among ethnic minorities in rural China.

Methods

A total of 36 villages were randomly selected from Yunnan province, China. From these villages, a total of 1,676 subjects from 10 ethnic minorities and the Han ethnic majority were selected for interview and blood pressure (BP) measurement. From each village, 50-80 men and women between the ages of 50 and 70 years were randomly selected. HTN prevalence, treatment, and control rates of HTN were evaluated in these 11 ethnic groups.

Results

After controlling for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol, and monosodium glutamate intake, prevalence of HTN varied between 25% in the Hani minority and 64% in the Tibetan minority (P < 0.001). Treatment rates varied between 0% in the Hani minority and 41% in the Tibetan minority (P = 0.006). Control rates varied between 0% in the Hani minority and 17% in the Tibetan minority (P = 0.28). Prevalence, treatment, and control rates in the Han ethnic group were 35, 22, and 12%, respectively.

Conclusions

The prevalence of HTN varies widely among China′s ethnic groups. Treatment and control rates of HTN also vary and are inadequate in the minority ethnic groups as well as in the Han majority.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000296140000011
资助机构University of California-Irvine ; China California Heart Watch
引用统计
被引频次:10[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/67885
专题北京大学公共卫生学院
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Med, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Univ Miami, Sch Med, Miami, FL USA
4.George Washington Univ, Sch Med, Washington, DC USA
5.Kunming Med Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Kunming, Peoples R China
6.China Calif Heart Watch, Irvine, CA USA
7.George Inst Global Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
8.Univ Calif Irvine, Sch Med, Dept Radiol, Irvine, CA 92717 USA
9.Capital Med Univ, Affiliated Beijing Anzhen Hosp, Beijing Inst Heart Lung & Blood Vessel Dis Beijin, Beijing, Peoples R China
10.Univ So Calif, Keck Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Yang, Steven,Liu, Sandy,Wang, Ying,et al. High Blood Pressure in Chinese Ethnic Minorities: Report From Rural Yunnan Province[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION,2011,24(11):1209-1214.
APA Yang, Steven.,Liu, Sandy.,Wang, Ying.,Wan, Hao.,Zhao, Dong.,...&Detrano, Robert C..(2011).High Blood Pressure in Chinese Ethnic Minorities: Report From Rural Yunnan Province.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION,24(11),1209-1214.
MLA Yang, Steven,et al."High Blood Pressure in Chinese Ethnic Minorities: Report From Rural Yunnan Province".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION 24.11(2011):1209-1214.
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