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Growth of Qinghai Tibetans living at three different high altitudes
Weitz, CA; Garruto, RM; Chin, CT; Liu, JC; Liu, RL; He, X
关键词high-altitude children adolescents thorax growth Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
刊名AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
2000
111期:1页:69-88
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology
类目[WOS]Anthropology ; Evolutionary Biology
研究领域[WOS]Anthropology ; Evolutionary Biology
关键词[WOS]ANDEAN POPULATIONS ; EUROPEAN ANCESTRY ; EASTERN HIMALAYAS ; LUNG-FUNCTION ; CHILDREN ; DIMENSIONS ; ADAPTATION ; HYPOXIA ; SHERPAS ; ORIGIN
英文摘要

This study compares the stature, weight, skinfolds, upper arm muscle area, and chest dimensions of Tibetan children, adolescents, and young adults who were born and raised, or who had lived from infancy, at 3,200 m, 3,800 m, and 4,300 m in Qinghai Province, People′s Republic of China. While the individuals measured in Qinghai are among the tallest and heaviest Tibetans reported in the literature, they are nevertheless smaller and lighter than well-off children living at low altitude. The pattern of size variation among Tibetan males and females measured at the three high altitudes, along with evidence of a secular trend at 4,300 m, suggests that nutrition may significantly effect growth at high altitude. Only minor differences in thorax dimensions exist between Tibetan males and females measured at 3,200 m and 3,800 m. However, Tibetan males at 4,300 m possess slightly narrower and deeper chests (during and after adolescence) than males at 3,200 m and 3,800 m. Since individuals from 3,800 m and 4,300 m belong to the same local populations, this characteristic is unlikely to be genetically determined. However, it may be related to differences in the degree of hypoxia or to the influences of other environmental conditions. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000084713600005
引用统计
被引频次:22[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/68067
专题北京大学第三临床医学院_儿科
作者单位1.Temple Univ, Dept Anthropol, Philadelphia, PA 19122 USA
2.SUNY Binghamton, Dept Anthropol, Binghamton, NY 13902 USA
3.Beijing Med Univ, Dept Pediat, Maternal & Childrens Hosp, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
4.Qinghai Bur Publ Hlth, Dept Maternal & Child Hlth, Xining, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Weitz, CA,Garruto, RM,Chin, CT,et al. Growth of Qinghai Tibetans living at three different high altitudes[J]. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY,2000,111(1):69-88.
APA Weitz, CA,Garruto, RM,Chin, CT,Liu, JC,Liu, RL,&He, X.(2000).Growth of Qinghai Tibetans living at three different high altitudes.AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY,111(1),69-88.
MLA Weitz, CA,et al."Growth of Qinghai Tibetans living at three different high altitudes".AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 111.1(2000):69-88.
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