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IR@PKUHSC  > 北京大学第三临床医学院  > 第二门诊部  > 期刊论文
学科主题: 门诊科学
题名:
北京市某三级综合医院工作压力对护士生活质量的影响通径
其他题名: Path analysis between work pressure and life quality among nurses in a tertiary hospital in Beijing
作者: 徐学双; 张帆; 王媛媛
关键词: 护士 ; 压力 ; 生活质量 ; Nurse ; Work pressure ; Life quality
刊名: 中华现代护理杂志
发表日期: 2013
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-2907.2013.06.001
卷: 19, 期:6, 页:621-625
收录类别: 中国科技核心期刊
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: 目的 探讨工作压力对三级综合医院护士生活质量的影响路径.方法 采用工作特性量表、一般性自我效能量表、工作倦怠量表、组织支持感测量简表、A型行为类型量表、工作满意度调查量表和生存质量测定量表,以分层整群抽样的方法对北京市某三级综合医院护士进行问卷调查.结果 共发放问卷289份,回收有效问卷256份,有效问卷回收率为88.6%.被调查护士主观感受到的组织支持、工作控制和工作满意度相对较低,平均得分依次为55.7,51.8和50.8;通径分析结果提示,个人特征和组织特征可影响护士对工作压力的感知,进而影响其对生活的态度,从而最终影响其生活质量;通径模型的x2值为28.5327,P=0.383 9,提示模型可接受.结论 应采取给予身心和技术上的关怀和支持、改善工作环境、提高待遇、培训高素质社区护理人员队伍等措施缓解三级综合医院护士工作压力,提高其生活质量,从而更好地为患者提供优质服务. Objective To explore the influencing path way of work pressure on life quality among nurses in a tertiary hospital.Methods Using the stratified-cluster sampling,256 nurses of a tertiary hospital in Beijing were investigated by questionnaires,including Job Content Questionnaire,General Self-Efficacy Scale,Maslash Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS),Survey of Perceived Organizational Support (SPOS)-short version,Type A Behavior Pattern (TABP) Scale,Job satisfaction Questionnaire and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF.Results The levels of organizational support,job control and job satisfaction which those nurses perceived subjectively were low relatively,those average scores were 55.7,51.8 and 50.8,respectively; The results of path analysis showed that characters of individuals and organization could influence nurses' perception of work pressure,and then influence their attitudes of life,thereby influence their life quality; x2 =28.5327,P =0.3839,showing that the model was acceptable.Conclusions It should be taken to provide supports both on spirits and skills,ameliorate work environments,improve salaries and train high-level community nurses in order to relieve work pressure of nurses in tertiary hospitals,as well as to improve their life quality,thereby to provide high-quality services to patients.
语种: 中文
原文出处: 查看原文
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/68778
Appears in Collections:北京大学第三临床医学院_第二门诊部_期刊论文

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作者单位: 100096,北京大学第三医院第二门诊部

Recommended Citation:
徐学双,张帆,王媛媛. 北京市某三级综合医院工作压力对护士生活质量的影响通径[J]. 中华现代护理杂志,2013,19(6):621-625.
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