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内分泌科门诊糖尿病患者吸烟现况调查
其他题名Survey of smoking status among patients with diabetes in endocrine clinic
房娟; 贺蓓
关键词糖尿病 吸烟 戒烟 Diabetes Smoking Smoking cessation
刊名国际呼吸杂志
2012
DOI10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-436X.2012.008.006
32期:8页:582-585
收录类别中国科技核心期刊
文章类型Journal Article
摘要目的 了解糖尿病患者的吸烟和戒烟状况以及对于吸烟与疾病关系的认知情况,分析目前仍在吸烟患者戒烟失败的原因,为指导戒烟治疗提供依据.方法 由呼吸科专科医师根据事先设计的调查问卷,对2010年7月至2010年9月我院内分泌科门诊就诊的糖尿病患者进行问卷调查.结果 共调查患者270例,男性67.8%,平均年龄(64.3±10.8)岁.吸烟者41.1%,被动吸烟者29.3%,其中目前吸烟者19.6%,曾经吸烟者21.5%.19.3%伴发其他疾病.目前吸烟者中,71.7%知晓所患疾病与吸烟相关,43.4%曾尝试戒烟.所有吸烟患者接受过医师戒烟劝告的为78.4%,戒烟成功患者中77.6%经医师劝导戒烟.目前吸烟患者接受过医师戒烟劝告的为79.2%,其中59.5%认为医师的劝告和建议对其戒烟有帮助.结论 糖尿病患者目前吸烟率仍较高.研究结果提示需要加强对糖尿病患者戒烟的宣教,医师劝导戒烟的方式和内容还需改善. Objective To identify smoking status of patients with diabetes,assess their perception of smoking as a risk factor for diabetes,and analyze causes of cessation failure of current smokers,so as to provide evidence for guiding patients on smoking cessation.Methods All the 270 diabetes patients were surveyed according to pre-designed questionnaire by respiratory specialists from July 2010 to September 2010 in outpatient department of endocrinology in the general hospital.Results Of all the 270 diabetes patients,males 67.8 %,mean age (64.3 ± 10.8) years,smokers accounted for 41.1 %,including 19.6 %current smokers and 21.5% former smokers,29.3% reported passive smoking. 19.3% had other concomitant diseases related with smoking.71.7% of current smokers were aware of the relationship of disease and smoking,43.4% had attempt to quit smoking.Totally 78.4% smoking patients obtained advices of smoking cessation from physicians.77.6% of former smokers had successfully quited smoking because of physicians' cessation messages.79.2% of current smokers used to get cessation advices from physicians,of those 59.5% considered these advices helpful.Conclusions There's still considerable proportion of current smokers among patients with diabetes.The study indicates that there is a need for more efforts on smoking cessation among patients with diabetes and the ways and contents of smoking cessation advices from physicians improved.
语种中文
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/71033
专题北京大学第三临床医学院_呼吸科
作者单位100191, 北京大学第三医院呼吸内科
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房娟,贺蓓. 内分泌科门诊糖尿病患者吸烟现况调查[J]. 国际呼吸杂志,2012,32(8):582-585.
APA 房娟,&贺蓓.(2012).内分泌科门诊糖尿病患者吸烟现况调查.国际呼吸杂志,32(8),582-585.
MLA 房娟,et al."内分泌科门诊糖尿病患者吸烟现况调查".国际呼吸杂志 32.8(2012):582-585.
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