|摘要||目的 比较手术取栓与介入取栓治疗急性下肢深静脉血栓形成(DVT)的近、远期疗效.方法 回顾性分析2000年3月至2008年8月136例急性混合型和中心型DVT患者的临床资料.手术取栓组80例,其中男性30例,女性50例;年龄26-81岁,平均(58±14)岁.介入取栓组56例,其中男性25例,女性31例;年龄22～92岁,平均(57±17)岁.术后均局部应用尿激酶溶栓、肝素抗凝治疗,后期应用华法林抗凝6～12个月.结果 介入取栓组治疗后双大腿周径差小于手术取栓组[(0.8±1.3)cm比(1.5±1.7)cm,P=0.002],两组小腿周径差异无统计学意义[(0.7±1.1)cm比(1.0±1.1)cm,P=0.152].介入取栓组的平均住院时间少于手术取栓组[(7±4)d比(15 4-7)d,P=0.000].介入取栓组并发症发生率低于手术取栓组(8.9%比32.5%,P=0.000).108例获随访,随访率为79.4%.平均随访(46±29)个月,两组在大、小腿周径差、症状评分、色素沉着、静脉曲张、间歇性跛行及慢性溃疡的发生率等方面差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 介入取栓与手术取栓相比,远期疗效相当,近期疗效更佳,且住院时间短,并发症少.
Objective To study the short- and long-term results for acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremity treated by surgical thrombectomy and interventional thrombectomy. Methods One hundred and thirty-six acute DVT cases treated by surgical thrombectomy or interventional thrombectomy from March 2000 to August 2008 were reviewed. There were 80 patients treated by surgical thrombectomy. Among them, 30 cases were male, 50 cases were female, aged from 26 to 81 years with a mean of (58 ± 14 ) years. The other 56 cases were treated by interventional thrombectomy. Among them, 25 cases were male, 31 cases were female, aged from 22 to 92 years with a mean of (57 ±17) years. All the 136 patients received district anticoagulation with heparin and thrombolysis with urokinase after operation. Results After operation, the circumference difference between bilateral thigh in intervention group were less than that in surgical group [ (0. 8 ±1. 3) cm vs. ( 1. 5 ± 1. 7) cm, P =0.002]. The circumference difference of bilateral calf had no significant difference [(0. 7 ± 1. 1 ) cm vs. ( 1. 0 ±1. 1) cm, P = 0. 152]. The average hospital stay in intervention group was shorter than that in surgical group [(7±4) dm. (15±7) d, P =0. 000 ]. The morbidity of complications in intervention group was less than that in surgical group (8. 9% vs. 32. 5% , P -0. 000). One hundred and eight patients were followed up, who was 79.4% of the total patients, and were followed up for an average of (46 ± 29) months. The circumference difference of thigh and calf, the symptom grade, the pigmentation, varicose veins, intermittent claudication and ulceration between the two groups had no significant difference(P > 0. 05). Conclusion Compared with surgical group, intervention group has a better short-term effect, shorter hospital stays, less complications and similar long-term result.|