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学科主题: 麻醉学
题名:
Shikani 喉镜与 Macintosh 喉镜在双腔气管导管插管中的比较
其他题名: Comparison of Shikani optical stylet and Macintosh laryngoscope for double-lumen endotracheal tube intubation
作者: 许挺; 李民; 郭向阳
关键词: 双腔气管导管 ; 插管 ; Shikani喉镜 ; 喉镜检查 ; 胸外科手术 ; 麻醉,全身 ; Double-lumen endotracheal tube ; Intubation ; Shikani optical stylet ; Laryngoscopy ; Tho-racic surgery ; Anesthesia,general
刊名: 北京大学学报(医学版)
发表日期: 2015
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-167X.2015.05.024
期: 5, 页:853-857
文章类型: Journal Article
摘要: 目的:比较Shikani喉镜和Macintosh喉镜在双腔气管导管插管中的有效性和安全性。方法:60例择期行胸外科手术的患者随机分为Shikani喉镜组(S组,n=30)和Macintosh喉镜组(M组,n=30),在全麻诱导后分别采用Shikani喉镜和Macintosh喉镜插入双腔气管导管,记录患者插管时间,插管次数,是否发生导管套囊破裂及口唇、牙齿损伤,患者基础(T0)血压和心率,以及插管开始时(T1)、插管完成后1 min(T2)、插管完成后3 min(T3)、插管完成后5 min( T4)的血压和心率,评估术后24 h患者有无声音嘶哑及咽喉疼痛。结果:S组患者插管时间少于M组[(37.4±9.7) s vs.(43.9±13.7) s, P=0.039],两组一次插管成功率差异无统计学意义(87% vs.80%, P=0.488);两组均未发生套囊破损;S组发生口唇及牙齿损伤者少于M组(8例vs.2例,P=0.038);两组患者之间T0、T1、T2、T3、T4的血压、心率差异无统计学意义(P<0.05);两组患者术后24 h咽痛(7例vs.10例,P=0.390)及声嘶(5例vs.7例,P=0.519)发生率差异无统计学意义( P<0.05)。结论:与Macintosh喉镜相比,Shikani喉镜插管花费时间短,口唇及牙齿损伤发生率更小。 Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of Shikani ( S) optical stylet and Macintosh (M) laryngoscope for double-lumen endotracheal tube intubation .Methods:In the study, 60 patients undergoing elective thoracic surgery were randomly allocated to group S ( n=30 ) and group M ( n=30 ) . After general anesthesia induction , the patients in group S and group M were intubated double-lumen en-dotracheal tube ( DLT) by Shikani optical stylet ( SOS) and macintosh laryngoscope respectively .Intuba-tion time, intubation attempts , cuff broken and oral mucosal or dental injury were recorded;Blood pres-sure and heart rate at baseline ( T0 ) , at the time of intubaiton onset ( T1 ) , 1 minute after intubaiton (T2), 3 minutes after intubation (T3) and 5 minutes after intubation (T3) were also recorded;Hoarse-ness and throat sore of the patients 24 hours after surgery were evaluated .Results:The intubaiton time with the SOS was faster than with the Macintosh [(37.4 ±9.7) s vs.(43.9 ±13.7) s, P=0.039] and the first attempt success rate (87%vs.80%, P=0.488) did not differ between the groups; No tube cuff broke in both the groups;Group S had fewer patients who suffered oral mucosal or dental injury than group M (8 vs.2, P=0.038);The blood pressure and heart rate at T0,T1,T2,T3 and T4 did not differ between the groups;Throat sore(7 vs.10, P=0.390) and hoarseness (5 vs.7, P=0.519) incidence did not differ between the groups .Conclusion:By comparison of the Macintosh laryngoscope , the SOS provides faster DLT intubation and causes less oral Mucosal or dental injury .
语种: 中文
原文出处: 查看原文
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/72245
Appears in Collections:北京大学第三临床医学院_麻醉科_期刊论文

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作者单位: 北京大学第三医院麻醉科,北京,100191

Recommended Citation:
许挺,李民,郭向阳. Shikani 喉镜与 Macintosh 喉镜在双腔气管导管插管中的比较[J]. 北京大学学报(医学版),2015(5):853-857.
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